I'm trying to come up with a good synonymous expression to put on a flashcard for 「〜のに」at the end of a sentence like these

  • 彼が出て行けばいいのに。(I wish he would go.)
  • あの建物さえなければ、きれいな景色が見えるのに。(If it wasn't for this building, we could see a beautiful scenery.)
  • 欲しいといえば、買ってあげたのに。(If you had told me, I would have bought it for you.)
  • ああ、せっかく学校が休みなのになあ。(Ahh, just as school is closed for vacation [I have to study for an entrance exam (or similar)])

I would probably translate 「〜のに」 with wish, should etc.

My dictionary explains that it is used to express dissatisfaction, irritation and similar feelings. I'm wondering what Japanese expressions I should use if I were to rephrase the sentences above without 「のに」. Would any of the following be correct and/or appropriate? What else?

  • 〜という希望がある
  • 〜べき・はずだ

1 Answer 1


How about んだけど


Maybe no real synonym, but it is also a conjunction with the rest of the sentence omitted. のに means "although" and けど means more "but", but I guess that is close enough.

In your last example せっかく…のに is a set phrase and のに can't be removed so easily.

I'm also wondering about your translation, which obviously has more detail than the original sentence. Even taking this into account, the translation of なのに sounds strange. I imagine the sentence ending in something like

Just as there is no school, it looks like I'm going to be really busy with Kendo.

  • Thanks! I wouldn't vouch for my translation of the last example. In fact, now that I read it, your translation seems to make so much more sense than mine. The example sentence is an from my JP-JP dictionary and is given without any context :)
    – Tobias
    Mar 13, 2013 at 0:14
  • I've changed the translation of the last example to reflect your suggestion. Thanks!
    – Tobias
    Mar 13, 2013 at 0:21
  • How about ~くせに? Also, ~んだけど/けど sounds to me a bit different from ~のに, in that ~のに insists more on the contrast. I would translate ~のに as "even though", "although", while けど sounds more like "but", "however".
    – Right leg
    Dec 13, 2016 at 4:30
  • @Rightleg I think that ~くせに is much more informal than ~のに or ~(んだ)けど. Also, you say that けど sounds more like "but/however", but I don't think this is quite the case when used at the end of a sentence. (In English, putting "but" at the end of a sentence doesn't really work, so ~けど has to translated differently.)
    – Earthliŋ
    Dec 15, 2016 at 7:22

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