To me, once of the most important parts of learning a language is the ability to read the implied message behind someone's words, and part of that is knowing when they're making a point and they're just shooting the breeze and explaining things. I know of a few, like から and ので, but does anyone have insight to offer, in this respect?
It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.
I guess these might fit your description they are phrases you would say when arguing.
それで - and that's why... だったら - If that's the case then... かと言って - but even so... 強いて言えば - If I had to say... となると - If that's the case then... それにしても - Even so... いずれにしても - In any case... というわけで - In conclusion...
I know that these don't necessarily follow a general pattern, so it's worth mentioning a few more:
- つまるところ・つまり - In other words/to sum up
- 要するに・と - basically/what you're trying to say is
- 必ずしも〜というわけではない - It is not necessarily the case that ~
- どちらにせ・何にしろ and all of the equivalent phrasings - Either way
- あえて言えば - One could go so far as to say...
I agree that this question is probably too broad. But here are a couple examples I can think of off the top of my head.