I saw some example sentences where the で particle was used to say "and", can't you just use "と" or "し"? Why was で used?


1 Answer 1


In modern Japanese, で is used as the conjunctive (basically, "[VERB] and...") conjugation of the basic copula ("to be" verb) だ.

Since だ means "is", で then means "is, and".


  • 電車【でんしゃ】は便利【べんり】、毎日【まいにち】乗【の】ります。
    The train is convenient, and I use it every day.
  • フェラーリは車【くるま】非常【ひじょう】に高【たか】い。
    A Ferrari is a car, and it is extremely expensive.
  • 私【わたし】は人間【にんげん】、空【そら】を飛【と】ぶことはできません。
    I am a human, and I cannot fly in the sky.

Meanwhile, と just means "and" when listing things, and includes no "to be" sense.

  • 人参【にんじん】キャベツのサラダ
    a salad of carrots and cabbage
  • 栗【くり】リンゴを使【つか】ってケーキを作【つく】る
    to make a cake using chestnuts and apples

(It must be lunchtime, I keep thinking about food. 😄)

  • 1
    Thanks for the helpful answer
    – Koll
    Oct 21, 2023 at 4:35

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