Therefore, true criminals who have accepted their crimes (罪を受けて) will die of heart attacks behind the scenes...

Why is a て-form verb used here, as opposed to other forms like



where both e.g. 受けた and 当然な are modifying 悪人 as 連体形? Would all 3 of these sentences be acceptable? Or is there some crucial nuance that using the て-form imbues on the sentence?

  • Why did you change the verb from 受ける to 受け入れる in your second and third sentences?
    – aguijonazo
    Sep 21, 2023 at 22:29
  • @aguijonazo: That was a mistake. I just corrected the post.
    – George
    Sep 21, 2023 at 23:01

1 Answer 1


The na-adjective (also used as a noun) 当然(だ) means "natural, reasonable, deserved, inevitable" and 当然な悪人/当然の悪人 makes no sense by itself. (This is a reason your second and third sentences seem unacceptable.) In the original sentence, the verb in te-form 受けて does not directly modify 悪人 but does 当然だ, and makes up the expression 「(verb in te-form) + 当然(だ) "it is natural/reasonable/deserved to (verb)"」.

As another point, 罪 in the expression 罪を受ける means a punishment or a reward (for a bad behavior) and not crime. 罪を受け入れる "accept one's guilt" expresses something different. 罪を受けて当然な悪人 "climinals (lit. bad people) who are deserved to get punished"

  • Thanks for your answer! I assumed that 罪を受ける literally meant "receiving one's crimes" but was idiomatically translated into "receiving one's punishment" (since that's how we'd communicate "being punished" in English). I just made a post about this question here.
    – George
    Sep 21, 2023 at 19:54

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