982 reputation
213
bio website kafkafuura.wordpress.com
location Kosaka-machi, Japan
age 25
visits member for 2 years, 9 months
seen Dec 24 '13 at 7:20

P.N. Kafka Fuura (花深風羅)

Japanese B.A. from University of Texas at Austin, Japanese Language Proficiency Test N1

I translate, interpret, and do other miscellaneous things.

My hobbies are researching classical and ancient Japanese, and translating song lyrics.


Dec
17
comment How interchangeable are の/である/なる/たる when qualifying nouns?
One note about たる: "教師たる者、忍耐力がなくてはならない" is more like "All that would call themselves teachers must have patience." It is a much "stronger" association than just なる traditionally, and is often used in standards of qualification, and can be used in an accusative manner. (~たる者 is common, and there is a similar grammatical structure: ~たらんこと "that one would be (qualified to be)")
Dec
11
comment Japanese Buts: でも, しかし, ただ, ただし, ところが, が, けど, けれど, けれども
@istrasci ? expressing rising intonation and doubt rather than a question. - Maybe insert a perhaps? (used it again there ^o^)
Dec
10
comment When and to whom should I use the expression ご苦労様 (gokurousama)?
Adding some real world examples: The mayor here says ご苦労様 to everyone, where a few old men that seem the same age and chummy with him say ご苦労様 to him. Other than that only people rather high up on the ladder (such as my boss's boss's boss) say it to their subordinates, via my experience.
Dec
10
comment Japanese Buts: でも, しかし, ただ, ただし, ところが, が, けど, けれど, けれども
@istrasci If we want to generalize it, 逆接 or "contradictory conjunction"?
Dec
10
comment Japanese Buts: でも, しかし, ただ, ただし, ところが, が, けど, けれど, けれども
@istrasci でも, which comes from "それでも" and それにしても (also a shortened form にしても) work in exactly the same way (one using the particle て(で from にて) and the other the particle して) and can be considered roughly equivalent. I see それにしても more often in writing. にもかかわらず is literally "Not affected by fact A, B" roughly means "despite".
Dec
9
revised Is there a way to find words for less popular readings of kanji?
deleted 19 characters in body
Dec
9
answered Japanese Buts: でも, しかし, ただ, ただし, ところが, が, けど, けれど, けれども
Dec
9
answered Is there a way to find words for less popular readings of kanji?
Dec
6
comment Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese
I believe よ was used -similarly- to how it is used now, but rather than ね (there's another kind of ね which has a completely different purpose), auxiliary verbs such as む were used (less like ね and more like ~のでしょう), and there were several bound particles you can use for emphasis such as なむ/ぞ/こそ. I suggest you start your research there. This really doesn't answer your question though ^^;
Dec
6
comment Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese
Questions in CJ used か and や, but they worked a little differently (often mid-sentence rather than at the end) so be careful. か was used more often for a rhetorical question that implies the exact opposite (is it this? (no it is not)).
Dec
2
comment Why is 対馬 pronounced つしま?
I'm not sure 対(つい)to つし is too far of a stretch, considering how many sound changes take place in Japanese. つし also shows up under なのり readings.
Dec
2
answered でも followed by が?
Nov
28
revised What is the etymology of べき? How should I visualize it?
Added clarification about べき as an な-adj and examples including 同じ
Nov
28
comment What is the etymology of べき? How should I visualize it?
@snailboat 同じ is a great example, as it is also a シク形容詞 and な adjective. I forget when I read the な-adj argument, but べき fits the bill for a な adjective, with the exception that it does not use な/連体形 (which makes calling it one a bit of a stretch) but I think it is like how classical adjectives do not use かる for 連体形 but their original form, if that makes any sense. I'll edit the answer.
Nov
28
comment What's the grammar behind お忘れなきよう?
@Kaz Exactly, because the お忘れ in お忘れなきよう is a nominalization, 忘れる's 未然形(-nai stem) and 連用形(-masu stem) just happen to be the same.
Nov
28
comment What is the difference between 見える/聞こえる and 見られる/聞ける?
@dainichi The relation between けす and きゆ is very interesting. Both come from a defunct 下二段 verb く which is hard to find in most dictionaries. The switch from けゆ to きゆ is thought to be a sound change. けす may also have been かす before it became けす. (もゆ to もやす follows a common 下二段+-aす pattern).
Nov
28
comment What is the difference between 見える/聞こえる and 見られる/聞ける?
Just a side note, at least colloquially, 見れる often is used for 見られる, based off reading 見る as a 五段 verb and pairing it with 得る. - Also 見る/見える・聞く/聞こえる are not strictly intransitive pairs of 見る and 聞く, but versions that originally came from conjugating 見る and 聞く with the auxiliary verb ゆ (used to denote spontaneity).
Nov
28
answered What is the etymology of べき? How should I visualize it?
Nov
28
comment Understanding the の in ~ものの
My dictionary asserts that the の in ものの is a case particle. The reason why ものの became a conjunctive particle is probably similar to why が also became a (slightly different) conjunctive particle.
Nov
27
revised What separates なき from なし?
added 4 characters in body