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Nov
20
comment Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?
Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/17738/…
Nov
19
comment What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?
Historically speaking, the same change happened to consonant-stem verbs, and the short potential forms we have now are a result of this change. Before that happened, the potential and passive forms were the same for consonant-stem verbs as well.
Nov
18
comment Sorting and Grouping a Japanese Index or Glossary
I just use perl's Unicode::Collate, which implements the Unicode Collation Algorithm.
Nov
18
comment Adverbs in Japanese versus English
I'll remove my comments since this isn't really the right place to discuss basic English grammar, and I don't want to make the off-topic discussion here longer than it already is. You can always start a thread on one of the English sites if you'd like to discuss what an English adverb is.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese on p.310, he points out this sort of verb pair: "There are also verbs which have a parasyntactic relationship similar to, but differing from, the transitive-intransitive relationship; both verbs are transitive but the direction of action is reversed". He pairs the outgoing 貸す・教える・預ける with the incoming 借りる・教わる・預かる.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
What specifically is unfortunate about translating 他動詞 and 自動詞 to transitive verb and intransitive verb?
Nov
13
comment Is the particle を in をでる comparable to elative case?
And if you wanted to, you could call the を in 「公園【こうえん】を散歩【さんぽ】する」 and 「橋【はし】を渡る【わたる】」 perlative! As an aside, the interpretation of the "perlative" を differs depending on whether the verb is telic or not (has a well-defined endpoint). The first example I gave is atelic, and the second is telic.
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
So the author of this web page didn't invent the "past participle" term themselves, it seems―maybe you could track down the Bloch or Teramura sources and see if they give an explanation. (Note that the presence or absence of て is the difference between the two lists of forms you present: it's part of し, しない, なく, and but absent from し, せず, なく, and に.)
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
It looks like the "participle" name for て is pretty old, going back to the 1800s. In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese, "participle" for て is listed in the index as a term taken from Bernard Bloch on Japanese (1970), and in Hasegawa's 1996 paper The (Non-Vacuous) Semantics of TE-Linkage in Japanese, she says Teramura used the term "past participle" in 活用語尾・助動詞・補助動詞とアスペクト (1969), so it's been used more recently, too.
Nov
13
comment Using conditional 'ば'
"An opinion"? "Another"? What are your sources?
Nov
11
comment Comparing ということだ and そうだ
Could you please double-check what you've typed here? It appears to have a number of errors. For starters, I assume you meant こと rather than こおと all three times.
Nov
9
comment Please teach me more about ハダカ格
Interesting! I've never run into this description before in any description of Japanese. (Of course, I'm not an expert.) I'm not sure how common it is, but they do give a citation (日本語の文法 by 高橋太郎) so you could pick up a copy if you wanted to read more about the author's theory of case.
Nov
9
comment Expressing 'according/as per'
How do you come up with the examples in your sentences? They seem to be sentences from around the web but with misreadings and misspellings added, rendered all in kana with spaces. Why not just copy + paste the original without mistakes? In any case, we'd appreciate it if you'd tell us where your sentences are from when you post questions.
Nov
8
comment 買う, durative or instantaneous?
Like most volitional transitive verbs, 買う is durative. Unfortunately, I don't have a master list or a foolproof method for you, I'm afraid... But this particular verb, at least, is listed as durative and telic in Iwasaki's 2013 Japanese: Revised Edition.
Nov
6
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
@Will You don't have to be a linguist to read about internally headed relatives. The paper I linked above has an introduction, along with some commentary on whether they're really grammatical or not (p.208-209). It isn't too difficult to read. Another description is in Iwasaki's 2013 Japanese: Revised Edition, pages 229-234. In Anthony's example, the direct object is the entire phrase [ テーブルの上にリンゴがあった ]-の, and there's no indication of which part of this phrase acts semantically like the head. The only thing that makes sense is eating apples, though, so we can figure it out from context.
Nov
6
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
@Will I think Anthony is learning about head internal relative clauses in his linguistics class right now, so he used an example of this (admittedly unusual) construction here. I think Kuroda showed that the の in head-internal relatives is non-referential.
Nov
5
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
It looks like your second example is from a paper on Internally Headed Relative Clauses (which not everyone accepts as perfectly grammatical―see Kikuta 2001 p.208-209 for discussion). Not everyone agrees on the theoretical status of の in IHRCs.
Nov
4
comment What does 「かけようかどうしようか」 mean?
Do you understand 〜かどうか?
Nov
2
comment Meaning of JAPAなび
The /w/ sound in わ isn't the same sound as the /v/ sound in English navigation. Japanese doesn't have a /v/ sound, so /b/ is usually substituted.
Oct
31
comment なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as conjunctions
Kyoko Tokashiki's 1989 thesis, On Japanese coordinate structures: an investigation of structural differences between the -te form and the -i form, addresses this in some detail for verbs.