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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


May
26
comment Difference between 間【あいだ】 and 間【ま】
No, the rules aren't that clear. 間{かん} is a word, and 間{ま} appears in compounds such as 間近・隙間・間違い・間際・居間・手間・間口・谷間・マヌケ and in the lexicalized adverbs 間もなく and いつの間に.
May
25
comment 夏目漱石‘s use of question marker かい for an open instead of closed (ie yes/no) question
@Tim For question 8, I didn't really think it was about い, but really just a question of whether you should include の. I'm not sure I can say か or かい alone is actually wrong, but I think using の would be more common / more natural there (whether you add a following か or not).
May
23
comment In technical usage, is there any difference between 間投詞 and 感動詞?
There are other examples, e.g. 並立助詞 and 並列助詞.
May
22
comment 字幕:一ヶ月前⇒発音:いっかすまえ?
@Val Another common piece of software used for spectrograms is Praat.
May
22
comment Why does 背く sound like そむふ in this sentence?
The last vowel in /somuꜜku/ is a high vowel following a downstep, so I think it could it be devoiced, like [somɯkʰ]. But the sound clip is pretty fast, and I'm not sure I can transcribe how it's pronounced accurately. (I can't figure out how to download the file to slow it down or analyze it.)
May
22
comment 字幕:一ヶ月前⇒発音:いっかすまえ?
@dainichi Oh, sorry, I missed the question before, but it looks like the OP has uploaded a clip now, so you can listen and maybe provide an alternative answer if you'd like :-)
May
22
comment Why are 来る and する irregular?
@YangMuye I think Japanese has 15 or so: する and くる of course, ある without the expected *あらない, くれる without the expected *くれろ, 行く without the expected 行った, 乞う and 問う without the expected *乞った and *問った, then ござる・くださる・なさる・いらっしゃる・おっしゃる, and 言う with ゆう, and then depending on whether you count verb pairs like 愛す・愛する which appear in alternation (愛する but 愛さない) you can add a few more to the list . . . 〜うる is a little funny too with its leftover うる but no *うない, though counting auxiliaries is probably cheating.
May
21
comment Why are 来る and する irregular?
Cross-linguistically, irregular verbs are usually among the more common verbs in a language. (Consider the most irregular verb in English, be!) The less common a verb is, the more likely any irregularities will get smoothed out over time.
May
19
comment Perceiving Initial r in names likes 隆介(りゅうすけ) and 綾(りょう)
Well, the link wasn't meant to imply that you'd be hearing an L sound. Rather, that in initial position you're hearing a non-tap allophone whose characteristics differ from the usual intervocalic /r/.
May
19
comment Please help me understand [予習]{よ・しゅう}
@YangMuye Oh, I like that phrasing! It makes a lot of sense, even though English preview isn't usually used like that.
May
19
comment Perceiving Initial r in names likes 隆介(りゅうすけ) and 綾(りょう)
Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/a/12818/1478
May
19
comment Usage of -さ with そうな
@YangMuye I would like to encourage you to write answers as answers rather than comments :-)
May
19
comment Kanji stroke type (not stroke order)
@Szymon I think you're right, although Kaji does talk about stroke type in his third paragraph.
May
19
comment What's the meaning of にあたって/にあたり? How can I translate it?
@Tim Aktionsart refers to a kind of semantic interpretation associated with a predicate. At the top level, we can classify predicates as static ("states") and dynamic ("occurrences"); occurrences can be divided into punctual ("achievements"), those which take place in a single point in time, and durative ("processes"), those which are have duration; and processes can be divided into telic ("accomplishments"), those which have a clear end point, and atelic ("activities"), those which do not. So the main contrasts are static-dynamic → punctual-durative → telic-atelic.
May
17
comment Is it correct to write その方がいい, or do you have to write そのほうがいい?
The NHK漢字表記辞典 says 方 is fine, too.
May
17
comment てはいけない or ては行けない?
@Noir Please see Google counts may not be as reliable as you imagine.
May
17
comment 手ぇ & つないで meaning and translation help
According to The Phonology of Japanese (Labrune 2012, p.52), lengthening sometimes occurs when a particle like を is dropped following a monomoraic word like 手. So that could explain the after .
May
16
comment Preferred beginner's term for “flight”?
Where did you learn 飛{とび}?
May
16
comment Should I use スタート for “start a new game” or something else?
The OP's context, if I understand correctly, is that after the game is complete, they ask the player if they want to start a new game. They've supplied the sentence they've come up with for this context.
May
15
comment Verb + うる form. What is this?
@YangMuye I used しうる as an example because it's in the OP's question (in construction with 納得{なっとく} in 納得しうる).