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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Aug
4
comment Adnominalisation (Relative clause - noun - copula structure): What does it mean? How can we translate it?
I added a new tag, information-structure, for discussions of different ways to structure the same information; also called information packaging because the information is the same as in a basic sentence, but it's packaged differently: "I ate the cake" versus "It was I who ate the cake", or "A man was walking down the street" versus "There was a man walking down the street", etc. Maybe we could find some older related questions and tag them, too.
Aug
3
comment Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
@EiríkrÚtlendi Yes, there are a few dialects that retain the distinction, around Shikoku and Kyushu according to Wikipedia. Thank you for pointing that out. But this answer is about standard Japanese. (I would be careful with the phrase "in the south and west", since that might be taken as describing a much larger region than actually makes the distinction. They're merged for most speakers.)
Aug
2
comment Looking for references on 複合格助詞
I'm afraid it's too much for me to type up here, but you can probably find a copy at your library.
Aug
2
comment Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?
@3to5businessdays 補助動詞 are grammaticalized uses of certain verbs (Martin 1975 p.512 lists いる/おる/いらっしゃる, くる/まいる, いく, くれる/くださる, しまう, みる, おく, もらう/いただく, ある/ございます, やる/あげる, and みせる) following て in which the verbs no longer have their usual meaning and aren't considered to form independent predicates. Most of them are not dummies because they contribute semantically, e.g. ~ている with its progressive/resultative/habitual/experiential meanings that ~て alone does not have. In contrast, で can form non-finite predicates without ある, so we can conclude that ある doesn't contribute semantically to である.
Jul
31
comment The の in のに and なのに
@Sjiveru That's how Martin analyzes it in his 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese (p.858): "In the third meaning of the の-nominalization—'fact (etc.)'―に occurs as the essive (or copula infinitive) with a special implication: 'despite the fact that'".
Jul
31
comment Etymology of 出来る dekiru
You might use the phonemic spelling idu rather than idzu. In any case, I don't think づ had become assibilated yet.
Jul
30
comment Why is 住んでいるのが好きです incorrect?
Was there any context when they gave their judgments?
Jul
29
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
I think this question should be left open, not closed as a duplicate, since there's doubt as to whether it's completely explained by the other answer (several of us have chosen not to close as duplicate).
Jul
29
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@dainichi I notice in BCCWJ that てはいただけませんか has only 3 results, but ていただけませんか (without は) has 317. It doesn't seem like は is often used here, so I was trying to figure out what it might add to the sentence.
Jul
29
comment Etymology of 武蔵
More on -(h)i: catalog.lib.kyushu-u.ac.jp/handle/2324/8607/scs04p099.pdf
Jul
28
comment What does うぃーす mean?
@Sjiveru wi works on OS X, too! (You have to type wyi to get ゐ.)
Jul
28
comment What does うぃーす mean?
@Sjiveru Except they said they were on a Macbook. l works on Windows, but not on OS X, where li turns into . Happily, x works everywhere, so I usually recommend that instead :-)
Jul
28
comment What does うぃーす mean?
(The typing part of the question is off-topic, but we can answer it in comments.) You can type small kana by typing x first, so xi becomes . To type the long vowel marker , just type a dash -.
Jul
28
comment How is て行く being used in すすんで行く and さいて行く?
Oh, okay. Have you had a chance to look at our existing question on 〜ていく and 〜てくる yet?
Jul
28
comment How is て行く being used in すすんで行く and さいて行く?
You aren't asking about any particular example sentences, just the possible meanings for each of these phrases?
Jul
28
comment Use of Amari when an adjective is in the negative
It's true that they're not always a PPI and NPI respectively, which is why I wrote "in this meaning". Both words are licensed in various contexts with different meanings.
Jul
28
comment Use of Amari when an adjective is in the negative
Have you learned hiragana or katakana yet?
Jul
26
comment What is the て-form of みます?
@Steel If you'd like to know when ~まして would be used (outside of lexicalized phrases like はじめまして), you could perhaps ask a separate question.
Jul
26
comment Accepting compliments (without rejecting them)
Related: the OP has asked the same question on Chinese.SE: chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/8747/…
Jul
26
comment The origins of なんだ as in 飲まなんだ or せなんだ
Martin doesn't give an etymology, but he lists なんだ→なかった, なんだら→なかったら, なんだり→なかったり, and he adds early Meiji literary usages なんだれ(ど) and んだら→なんだら.