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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Feb
19
comment Why is カラオケ (karaoke) written in katakana?
@ssb True, though there are similar examples that are entirely made in Japan, like モテる or ズレる.
Feb
19
comment what exactly is “体言止{たいげんど}め”?
@kinyo Yes. As I said before, it can be said to be in its 連体形 (adnominal form), and I think that its function is called 連体修飾 (adnominal modification).
Feb
19
comment what exactly is “体言止{たいげんど}め”?
@kinyo No; in English, words in attributive position modify nouns. Both nouns ("atom bomb") and adjectives ("atomic bomb") can have attributive function. At any rate, English grammar has no bearing on what part of speech 飲む might be; it is definitely not an adjective.
Feb
19
comment How To Learn Japanese Vocabulary?
You can't get to vocabulary from RTK. It just teaches you how to remember characters. You'll have to learn the Japanese language separately.
Feb
18
comment what exactly is “体言止{たいげんど}め”?
@kinyo In Japanese grammar, when you move a verb before a noun, it's still a verb, not an "adjective participle". It can be said to be in its 連体形 (adnominal form), and I think that its function is called 連体修飾 (adnominal modification).
Feb
18
comment Meaning of 員 - Heisig vs world
@Geeo By the way, I think if you look online you can find alternate keywords to use--various people in the past have disagreed with one keyword or another. (Heisig also revised some of them to be more accurate in later editions, so for example 峠 changed from "mountain peak" to "mountain pass". But 員 is still "employee".)
Feb
16
comment The etymology of 泊
@Anthony 語 is made up of 言 + 吾, so it doesn't directly include 五. (You can look up the character origin in the same 漢和辞典 you found 泊 in.)
Feb
16
comment Grammar of (verb)し(noun) such as in 選ばれし者
@TrevorAlexander For this particular 助動詞, き is the 終止形 and し is the 連体形. That's the opposite of what you get with classical adjective conjugation, where 〜し is the 終止形 and 〜き is the 連体形.
Feb
16
comment The “right” way to write Japanese lyrics
「っ」 is usually not a glottal stop. A "glottal stop" is when you stop sound entirely using the glottis (as in the English "uh-oh"). In Japanese, 「っ」 before /k g t d b p/ is a stop, but not glottal; 「っ」 before /s z h/ is not a stop at all (the sound isn't entirely stopped by any part of the vocal tract). You'd usually only pronounce 「っ」 as a glottal stop utterance initially or finally (as in 「あっ!」).
Feb
15
comment pronounciation of ひと
It appears that you're describing "devoiced vowels". See this question for some discussion.
Feb
15
comment Using negative verb forms with はず
明鏡国語辞典 says: 「賛成するはずがない/賛成しないはずだ」では、前者の方が意味が強い(前者は賛成の可能性が皆無、後者は可能性を残す)。
Feb
14
comment when 澤 has a kunyomi of うるお
My impression is that the older form 澤 is mostly used in names, while in regular words 沢 is more common.
Feb
13
comment What does 春夏冬 mean?
@TokyoNagoya As the bottom of the page says, everything on SE is licensed under Creative Commons with attribution required. That means people can base answers on information from other people, but they must give credit. Plagiarism is not okay.
Feb
12
comment What is the radical which is written by two dots on the top of a Kanji?
@Steel 町 has two elements: 田 (a pictograph of a rice field) and 丁 (a pictograph of a nail). The latter is the phonetic element, giving the character its pronunciation. What specific meaning it lends to 町 is debatable; Henshall says it "was used phonetically to express walk, and also lent its T-shape to suggest junction of paths. [町] originally meant paths through the fields, and by extension place where fields join, then area/community."
Feb
9
comment Japanese dictionary with IPA pronunciations
There are pronunciation dictionaries for Japanese (such as the NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典). They don't contain IPA, but they do contain some additional information the Japanese writing system leaves out: where the pitch accent is located, when the nasal allophone of /g/ is available, and which morae typically have devoiced / reduced vowels.
Feb
9
comment Should I say this differently?
What are you trying to say, Austin?
Feb
7
comment Is 〜がりや limited to just a few words, or can it be added to any adjective?
@TokyoNagoya Oh, I didn't think to talk about verb+たい separately. Thank you for pointing that out and describing it separately in your answer!
Feb
7
comment What does ぴろーん mean?
It's okay to discuss taboo language (although it's understandable if some users want to avoid doing so). After all, taboo language is still language. One caveat: we should try to keep question titles "safe for work" in case they're promoted on other Stack Exchange sites, which people may be using from work. (The question istrasci links to would have to have its title censored if it were asked today.)
Feb
6
comment Which way should you review vocabulary using flashcards?
Study method questions are off-topic, but I'll try moving this to meta and see if the community is okay with leaving it open there.
Feb
5
comment How do parents obscure spoken messages in front of their children in Japanese?
@TokyoNagoya I think that perhaps they're referring to バビ語.