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Jan
14
comment How is the adjective 多い being used as a noun 多く here?
These references don't directly answer the question, but they might be of interest: one - two
Jan
14
comment What is the subject of「あけましておめでとう」?
I had the same feeling as @l'électeur, but if we consider this as a question of etymology, I think it could make sense to ask. (In other words, where does this phrase come from?)
Jan
13
comment How is 家 in [name]家 pronounced?
@senshin Right! But it can't contract further (dropping ん) unless the name ends in ん. That's what I was trying to say.
Jan
13
comment Do Japanese people use quotation marks for emphasis?
I think it's funny in English because they look like "scare quotes", so it implies that it's not really safe or comfortable.
Jan
13
comment When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?
I don't think /h/ → /p/ is the same thing as rendaku. It's explained by a separate rule.
Jan
13
comment What is different between 分かります and 分かりました。
I think that tense is relevant, but it interacts with aspect in a way that may be non-obvious.
Jan
8
comment What is the difference between こだわり and 良{よ}い?
Out of curiosity, how did you come to the conclusion that it means "good"? Did a dictionary say so? Is that your own personal inference based on context?
Jan
6
comment Strange usage of に particle
Did you mean Miller's The Japanese Language (1967)? That's the book Martin cites in his bibliography. As far as I'm aware Miller never wrote a book titled Reference Grammar of Japanese; Martin describes this in his Reference Grammar of Japanese on pages 216-221.
Jan
4
comment -的 adjectives modifying nouns without な
@ThomasGross Pitch accent tells us that 2 and 4 can't be interpreted as compounds. Although in this case we can't tell because the pitch accent would be the same either way, if we pick an unaccented second word the difference becomes clear. See Martin 1975 p.762-763, where we can find the example 経済的問題.
Jan
4
comment How does someone know when one word ends and the next one starts?
@blutorange If you want an all //o// example, use 覆おう //oo-oo// instead of 覆う //oo-u//.
Jan
3
comment Words ending in consonants
I'm afraid it doesn't make sense to say that "both ta and su are consonants". Phonemically, each is a string of one consonant and one vowel. Phonetically, it's possible that the vowel may be reduced or even entirely deleted in su in some contexts. We have some existing questions about this, such as japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/1904
Jan
3
comment What part of the kunyomi must be learned?
@WVrock You want to recognize words as a whole―as you learn you'll probably find that it's easier that way. And anyway, it's a lot easier to remember 忙しい=いそがしい because that's a word, while いそが isn't.
Jan
2
comment what's the difference between とか and や?
But the book you're citing definitely says it can only be used once: "toka, a combination of the quotation P to and the Q P ka, can join nouns in the same way that ya does in the sense of 'and', 'or' (see 241), but unlike ya it can be used more than once in a sentence." (p.542) And "ya joins items in the sense of 'and (among others)' or 'or'. It is used (once) between items only." (p.593)
Jan
2
comment what's the difference between とか and や?
Hmm, I'm not sure や can only be used once in a sentence. The first example in 大辞泉 is 「赤青が混ざり合っている」
Jan
1
comment Usage of さぞ and きっと
@Sumitani Certainly.
Jan
1
comment What is kanji pronounciation used for?
@WVrock How about 行く【いく】 and 行う【おこなう】? 覚える【おぼえる】 and 覚める【さめる】? 強い【つよい】, 強いて【しいて】, 強ち【あながち】, and 強か【したたか】? 似る【にる】 and 以って【もって】? I think you might have some trouble with that approach.
Dec
31
comment Why is 「昨夜」 pronounced as 「ゆうべ」 {yuube} and 「今日」 as 「きょう」 {kyou}?
It's actually pronounced like キョー /kyoo/. Although the usual kana spelling looks like "kyou", it's not pronounced the way it's spelled.
Dec
31
comment How should “イモ” be translated?
+1, I actually think this is a really good question because of how often words for foods don't correspond between Japanese and English quite as cleanly as dictionaries suggest.
Dec
30
comment What words most commonly follow どういう?
I didn't know about this nice interface to BCCWJ when I wrote this answer.
Dec
30
comment What is the difference between all the words for tools / devices?
That sentence and its translation appear to be from the Tanaka corpus.