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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Nov
8
comment 買う, durative or instantaneous?
Like most volitional transitive verbs, 買う is durative. Unfortunately, I don't have a master list or a foolproof method for you, I'm afraid... But this particular verb, at least, is listed as durative and telic in Iwasaki's 2013 Japanese: Revised Edition.
Nov
6
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
@Will You don't have to be a linguist to read about internally headed relatives. The paper I linked above has an introduction, along with some commentary on whether they're really grammatical or not (p.208-209). It isn't too difficult to read. Another description is in Iwasaki's 2013 Japanese: Revised Edition, pages 229-234. In Anthony's example, the direct object is the entire phrase [ テーブルの上にリンゴがあった ]-の, and there's no indication of which part of this phrase acts semantically like the head. The only thing that makes sense is eating apples, though, so we can figure it out from context.
Nov
6
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
@Will I think Anthony is learning about head internal relative clauses in his linguistics class right now, so he used an example of this (admittedly unusual) construction here. I think Kuroda showed that the の in head-internal relatives is non-referential.
Nov
5
comment の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses
It looks like your second example is from a paper on Internally Headed Relative Clauses (which not everyone accepts as perfectly grammatical―see Kikuta 2001 p.208-209 for discussion). Not everyone agrees on the theoretical status of の in IHRCs.
Nov
4
comment What does 「かけようかどうしようか」 mean?
Do you understand 〜かどうか?
Nov
2
comment Meaning of JAPAなび
The /w/ sound in わ isn't the same sound as the /v/ sound in English navigation. Japanese doesn't have a /v/ sound, so /b/ is usually substituted.
Oct
31
comment なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as conjunctions
Kyoko Tokashiki's 1989 thesis, On Japanese coordinate structures: an investigation of structural differences between the -te form and the -i form, addresses this in some detail for verbs.
Oct
30
comment Can ~もの be applied to all verbs to make them a noun?
Besides the difference in meaning, 聞き物 is also a significantly less common word. In the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese we find 11144 results for 音楽 but only 1 result each for 聞き物 and 聞きもの. (I personally didn't know this word, but of course I'm just learning :-)
Oct
30
comment What does ~とか mean when it doesn't indicate an example?
Could you tell us where the quotes in your questions come from?
Oct
30
comment What does 馬鹿も一芸 mean in English?
It looks like this was added to EDICT in the mid-90s based on a collection of proverbs put together in 1994 by Tim Duncan. When someone responded to this particular idiom with "mmm, I've never heard of it... What is the resource?" Duncan replied that it was from David Galef's 1987 book "'Even Monkeys Fall from Trees' and other Japanese Proverbs". It does appear to be listed in this book, though it says only "Even a fool has one talent" and doesn't happen to list a source.
Oct
30
comment Meaning of 資料共 in the context of web conferencing
Perhaps they meant to type 資料共有?
Oct
29
comment What does 馬鹿も一芸 mean in English?
Where did you see this phrase?
Oct
28
comment Usage of か after a clause?
@EspenNielsen I think "embedded interrogative content clause" would probably be the most accurate term. I was trying not to hit people over the head with terminology, so I went with a simpler term that people sometimes use.
Oct
28
comment Usage of か after a clause?
@3to5businessdays Yes, some people call interrogative content clauses "indirect questions" or "embedded questions" etc. (I should clean this answer up...)
Oct
28
comment How do you interpret an “interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る” construct?
@virmaior It looks like they mean Nだ+か with だ omitted.
Oct
28
comment Understanding use of における
@IUnknown They have a historical relationship (they both come from 置く).
Oct
27
comment Is the negative form of 住む related to すみません (i.e. “I'm sorry”/“Excuse me”), and how is it used in actual conversation?
@blutorange Maybe we could turn the discussion on cognates into a separate question.
Oct
27
comment しな at the end of a sentence
Do you think you could ask your ~てくれ question separately? We'd like to keep things to one question per question here on Stack Exchange.
Oct
27
comment Why is Austin spelled with an オ?
@user7432 japanese.stackexchange.com/a/13098/1478
Oct
27
comment Is the negative form of 住む related to すみません (i.e. “I'm sorry”/“Excuse me”), and how is it used in actual conversation?
Here's how Samuel Martin explains すみません: "The verb すむ means 'comes to an end, terminates; settles'. From these basic meanings a number of others are extended, as when すみません is used to mean 'there is no end to [my rudeness or obligation] = excuse me; thank you'." (Martin 1975 p.546)