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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Nov
27
comment What is the meaning of 根づいていた?
@ColeFudge Judging by your comment, it appears you'll have to learn about 〜ている as well.
Nov
26
comment Do all words need a particle?
なぜ is an adverb. Compare another question word, 誰【だれ】, which is not.
Nov
26
comment When does it make sense to use 「〜でない。」?
The "KKK 25.92" refers to 国立国語研究所報告 現代雑誌九十種の用語用字 第3分冊分析〔1964〕, p.92
Nov
26
comment When does it make sense to use 「〜でない。」?
A related footnote from Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese, p.373: "In written Japanese (KKK 25.92) Nではない is about eight times as frequent as Nでない when predicative; but when adnominalized NでないN has the same frequency as Nではない. In non-final position, Nではなく is twice as frequent as Nでなく. These figures can not be automatically applied to spoken Japanese, since what is pronounced じゃない may get written as either でない or ではない."
Nov
26
comment What is this form : Verb + はせん?
@Urukann Yes, though I don't mean to imply that it's limited to Western dialects. Actually describing what I mean by Western and Eastern in detail would probably take more space than a comment allows here. Let me look and see if we already have an answer somewhere that describes them… EDIT: Can anyone help find the question about the history of ぬ and ない? I was sure we had one.
Nov
25
comment Difference between ずっと and いつも
Although いつも is a lexicalized combination with its own usage, so you can't just understand it as いつ+も, even though that's clearly its etymology. You can say things like 「いつもはしない」「いつもの私」「いつもだ」.
Nov
21
comment Why in this example sentence there's no difference between ごとに and おきに?
@blutorange You can leave that as an answer, if you like.
Nov
20
comment Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?
Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/17738/…
Nov
19
comment What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?
Historically speaking, the same change happened to consonant-stem verbs, and the short potential forms we have now are a result of this change. Before that happened, the potential and passive forms were the same for consonant-stem verbs as well.
Nov
18
comment Sorting and Grouping a Japanese Index or Glossary
I just use perl's Unicode::Collate, which implements the Unicode Collation Algorithm.
Nov
18
comment Adverbs in Japanese versus English
I'll remove my comments since this isn't really the right place to discuss basic English grammar, and I don't want to make the off-topic discussion here longer than it already is. You can always start a thread on one of the English sites if you'd like to discuss what an English adverb is.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese on p.310, he points out this sort of verb pair: "There are also verbs which have a parasyntactic relationship similar to, but differing from, the transitive-intransitive relationship; both verbs are transitive but the direction of action is reversed". He pairs the outgoing 貸す・教える・預ける with the incoming 借りる・教わる・預かる.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
What specifically is unfortunate about translating 他動詞 and 自動詞 to transitive verb and intransitive verb?
Nov
13
comment Is the particle を in をでる comparable to elative case?
And if you wanted to, you could call the を in 「公園【こうえん】を散歩【さんぽ】する」 and 「橋【はし】を渡る【わたる】」 perlative! As an aside, the interpretation of the "perlative" を differs depending on whether the verb is telic or not (has a well-defined endpoint). The first example I gave is atelic, and the second is telic.
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
So the author of this web page didn't invent the "past participle" term themselves, it seems―maybe you could track down the Bloch or Teramura sources and see if they give an explanation. (Note that the presence or absence of て is the difference between the two lists of forms you present: it's part of し, しない, なく, and but absent from し, せず, なく, and に.)
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
It looks like the "participle" name for て is pretty old, going back to the 1800s. In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese, "participle" for て is listed in the index as a term taken from Bernard Bloch on Japanese (1970), and in Hasegawa's 1996 paper The (Non-Vacuous) Semantics of TE-Linkage in Japanese, she says Teramura used the term "past participle" in 活用語尾・助動詞・補助動詞とアスペクト (1969), so it's been used more recently, too.
Nov
13
comment Using conditional 'ば'
"An opinion"? "Another"? What are your sources?
Nov
11
comment Comparing ということだ and そうだ
Could you please double-check what you've typed here? It appears to have a number of errors. For starters, I assume you meant こと rather than こおと all three times.
Nov
9
comment Please teach me more about ハダカ格
Interesting! I've never run into this description before in any description of Japanese. (Of course, I'm not an expert.) I'm not sure how common it is, but they do give a citation (日本語の文法 by 高橋太郎) so you could pick up a copy if you wanted to read more about the author's theory of case.
Nov
9
comment Expressing 'according/as per'
How do you come up with the examples in your sentences? They seem to be sentences from around the web but with misreadings and misspellings added, rendered all in kana with spaces. Why not just copy + paste the original without mistakes? In any case, we'd appreciate it if you'd tell us where your sentences are from when you post questions.