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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Jan
3
comment Words ending in consonants
I'm afraid it doesn't make sense to say that "both ta and su are consonants". Phonemically, each is a string of one consonant and one vowel. Phonetically, it's possible that the vowel may be reduced or even entirely deleted in su in some contexts. We have some existing questions about this, such as japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/1904
Jan
3
comment What part of the kunyomi must be learned?
@WVrock You want to recognize words as a whole―as you learn you'll probably find that it's easier that way. And anyway, it's a lot easier to remember 忙しい=いそがしい because that's a word, while いそが isn't.
Jan
2
comment what's the difference between とか and や?
But the book you're citing definitely says it can only be used once: "toka, a combination of the quotation P to and the Q P ka, can join nouns in the same way that ya does in the sense of 'and', 'or' (see 241), but unlike ya it can be used more than once in a sentence." (p.542) And "ya joins items in the sense of 'and (among others)' or 'or'. It is used (once) between items only." (p.593)
Jan
2
comment what's the difference between とか and や?
Hmm, I'm not sure や can only be used once in a sentence. The first example in 大辞泉 is 「赤青が混ざり合っている」
Jan
1
comment Usage of さぞ and きっと
@Sumitani Certainly.
Jan
1
comment What is kanji pronounciation used for?
@WVrock How about 行く【いく】 and 行う【おこなう】? 覚える【おぼえる】 and 覚める【さめる】? 強い【つよい】, 強いて【しいて】, 強ち【あながち】, and 強か【したたか】? 似る【にる】 and 以って【もって】? I think you might have some trouble with that approach.
Dec
31
comment Why is 「昨夜」 pronounced as 「ゆうべ」 {yuube} and 「今日」 as 「きょう」 {kyou}?
It's actually pronounced like キョー /kyoo/. Although the usual kana spelling looks like "kyou", it's not pronounced the way it's spelled.
Dec
31
comment How should “イモ” be translated?
+1, I actually think this is a really good question because of how often words for foods don't correspond between Japanese and English quite as cleanly as dictionaries suggest.
Dec
30
comment What words most commonly follow どういう?
I didn't know about this nice interface to BCCWJ when I wrote this answer.
Dec
30
comment What is the difference between all the words for tools / devices?
That sentence and its translation appear to be from the Tanaka corpus.
Dec
29
comment Did ある and いる once have kanji?
@ZhenLin That's a good point! For what it's worth, I see 473 results for 居ます and 128 results for 居ります.
Dec
29
comment Did ある and いる once have kanji?
I see thousands of results for 居る in the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ), so I'm not sure if "rarely used" is quite the right way of putting it. But there are times when the kanji should not be used for these verbs, like in ~ている or である, for example.
Dec
28
comment Is there a “default” topic when speaking in Japanese?
@JorgeBucaran It's not always I in English. English conversational deletion allows both "[I'm] gonna get off the train" and "[Are you] gonna get off the train?"
Dec
28
comment Are there any patterns for okurigana?
@LeoKing There's the incoming/outgoing pair 教わる・教える, although both verbs are transitive.
Dec
28
comment Verb classification of honorific/humble verbs
It could help to explain a little further: as I understand it, ありがとう is from ありがたく. When the /k/ was lost, that gave ありがたう, and the regular sound change from /au/ to /oː/ resulted in ありがとう. So とう is not directly from たい.
Dec
26
comment Meaning of ならずとも
You don't have to add spaces after and in Japanese. They have spaces built-in.
Dec
24
comment Is either 霊験 or あらたか used outside the phrase 霊験あらたか?
Click around on some of the patterns here: corpus.tsukuba.ac.jp/headword/N.17428/#tabfreqorder
Dec
23
comment Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters
@blutorange That is not entirely correct. See mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk/people/matt-davis/cmabridge
Dec
21
comment Is けど a 接続詞 (conjunction) or 助詞 (particle)?
Dictionaries list けど as both a 接続助詞 and as a 接続詞, depending on whether it's following a clause or beginning a sentence. Some list it as a 終助詞 as well.
Dec
20
comment What's the difference between ~れれば and ~れば?
@ThomasGross You're presenting a modern analysis, while Choko has shown how it's analyzed in Japanese school grammar. Descriptively they work out to the same thing in this case, although the modern analysis is probably more parsimonious.