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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Apr
11
comment Confusion with それだけ in these lyrics
Please remember to tell us what the context is when asking a question like this. In this case, it seems the quote is from the lyrics to 黒い瞳の魔獣.
Apr
11
comment Are there native Japanese numbers greater than 10? What use are they?
@hippietrail Right, the pronunciation changed naturally over time, and the script reforms merely brought spelling into line with what people had already been saying for a long time.
Apr
10
comment Translating the statement: X is very common
@Hanne It would be best if you gave any available context in your question so that answers can be specific. (There are a lot of ways to say "is very common", but some are more formal than others, for example.)
Apr
10
comment is “こっかい” a heteronym?
Besides pitch accent, there are other ways pronunciation can differ that aren't necessarily reflected in kana. Some examples: the conjunction が may be pronounced [ŋa] (in other words, with the nasal allophone of /g/ sometimes transcribed <ng>), while the word for moth が is typically pronounced [ga]. Kana don't indicate devoiced vowels. The kana おう don't indicate the contrast in pronunciation between 王 /oː/ and 追う /ou/. Words with variant pronunciations like 体育 and 女王 are often spelled in kana in traditional manner (たいいく and じょおう) even when they're pronounced differently (タイク and ジョーオー).
Apr
10
comment is “こっかい” a heteronym?
@ssb If you consider 端 too, you need a following particle to distinguish by accent: 橋が ([はしが]{LHL}), 端が ([はしが]{LHH}), 箸が ([はしが]{HLL})
Apr
9
comment Is there a difference between 'hanasu' written 離す versus 放す?
The Agency for Cultural Affairs has made available a downloadable PDF titled 「異字同訓」の漢字の使い分け例(報告) which briefly illustrates the difference with examples, which may be helpful in answering questions like this one. Many dictionaries also have 使い分け entries for verbs that can be written more than one way.
Apr
9
comment What does エレクト一ン mean?
It's a brand name of organ, Electone. I assume it's a portmanteau of electronic and tone, or something along those lines. It's a proper noun, so there isn't much more to say about it.
Apr
8
comment Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです
It was never grammatical to add です to verbs. There was a motivation to add です to adjectives, so over time it became acceptable. But there was no such motivation for verbs, because verbs already had the 〜ます ending to make them polite. That is what I tried to explain.
Apr
8
comment Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです
Yes, it's the past tense of the verb つかれる "be / become tired".
Apr
8
comment What does this mean (second part of the sentence)?
What specifically do you have trouble understanding about it?
Apr
5
comment What is the origin of ポイ as in “タバコのポイ”?
@hippietrail I'm not sure I understand how you propose to trace the origin of a mimetic word back beyond "it's mimetic of something". But you can always wait for another answer if you think there's more to be found!
Apr
5
comment What is the origin of ポイ as in “タバコのポイ”?
@hippietrail I think Chocolate's comment about it being a 擬態語 might count as its "ultimate origin". 広辞苑 agrees with Chocolate's comment, listing it as a 擬態語.
Apr
5
comment What does だ mean at the end of a sentence or following a noun
I wouldn't call it a "verb" either, since it isn't like any Japanese verbs.
Apr
4
comment kanji 有る, usage in the negative be verb
Just for the record, I'm not convinced yet that で在る is better than で有る, and this answer includes no explanation as to why it might be the case.
Apr
4
comment Which is a Better Introduction?
@akami What sort of situation are you introducing yourself in?
Apr
4
comment kanji 有る, usage in the negative be verb
@hippietrail Why is a good question. If you want to write it the way people historically did, then there's a question--was である ever written with kanji historically, and if so, which one? If you want to know which way is technically correct today and the answer is "neither, no matter how much you want to write it in kanji", then knowing why helps us know if that answer is appropriate.
Apr
4
comment Is there a kanji for しか?
@ssb I don't think it's old enough for that to be relevant. The earliest cite in 日国 is dated 1784か. Martin in A Reference Grammar of Japanese reports on p.80 that Ōtsuki derives sika from a contraction of siki (as in kore-siki) plus the particle wa. He says siki is of uncertain etymology; a couple suggestions he gives are that it's a variant of soko or a shortening of suk[os]i, but he doesn't appear to find these explanations satisfying.
Apr
3
comment Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?
@Sjiveru I agree that they remain intransitive and I believe there are two particles spelled を, and only one of them is related to transitivity. The two particles have different meaning and distribution, so I see no motivation to treat them as the same thing. In fact, see Martin 1975 (pp.255-256) for some exceptional examples that use both をs together (which is usually not possible).
Apr
3
comment What is the basic knowledge before starting Japanese language lesson?
I'm afraid it's not clear to me what you're asking, so I've put the question on hold for now. This question was also flagged as off-topic by one of our users, and I think that may be the case as well; I'm afraid I don't see a specific question about the Japanese language here.
Apr
2
comment even on 常用漢字表{じょうようかんじひょう}, no kanji have an official 送{おく}り仮名{がな}?
bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/joho/kijun/naikaku/okurikana