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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Apr
8
comment Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです
It was never grammatical to add です to verbs. There was a motivation to add です to adjectives, so over time it became acceptable. But there was no such motivation for verbs, because verbs already had the 〜ます ending to make them polite. That is what I tried to explain.
Apr
8
comment Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです
Yes, it's the past tense of the verb つかれる "be / become tired".
Apr
8
comment What does this mean (second part of the sentence)?
What specifically do you have trouble understanding about it?
Apr
5
comment What is the origin of ポイ as in “タバコのポイ”?
@hippietrail I'm not sure I understand how you propose to trace the origin of a mimetic word back beyond "it's mimetic of something". But you can always wait for another answer if you think there's more to be found!
Apr
5
comment What is the origin of ポイ as in “タバコのポイ”?
@hippietrail I think Chocolate's comment about it being a 擬態語 might count as its "ultimate origin". 広辞苑 agrees with Chocolate's comment, listing it as a 擬態語.
Apr
5
comment What does だ mean at the end of a sentence or following a noun
I wouldn't call it a "verb" either, since it isn't like any Japanese verbs.
Apr
4
comment kanji 有る, usage in the negative be verb
Just for the record, I'm not convinced yet that で在る is better than で有る, and this answer includes no explanation as to why it might be the case.
Apr
4
comment Which is a Better Introduction?
@akami What sort of situation are you introducing yourself in?
Apr
4
comment kanji 有る, usage in the negative be verb
@hippietrail Why is a good question. If you want to write it the way people historically did, then there's a question--was である ever written with kanji historically, and if so, which one? If you want to know which way is technically correct today and the answer is "neither, no matter how much you want to write it in kanji", then knowing why helps us know if that answer is appropriate.
Apr
4
comment Is there a kanji for しか?
@ssb I don't think it's old enough for that to be relevant. The earliest cite in 日国 is dated 1784か. Martin in A Reference Grammar of Japanese reports on p.80 that Ōtsuki derives sika from a contraction of siki (as in kore-siki) plus the particle wa. He says siki is of uncertain etymology; a couple suggestions he gives are that it's a variant of soko or a shortening of suk[os]i, but he doesn't appear to find these explanations satisfying.
Apr
3
comment Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?
@Sjiveru I agree that they remain intransitive and I believe there are two particles spelled を, and only one of them is related to transitivity. The two particles have different meaning and distribution, so I see no motivation to treat them as the same thing. In fact, see Martin 1975 (pp.255-256) for some exceptional examples that use both をs together (which is usually not possible).
Apr
3
comment What is the basic knowledge before starting Japanese language lesson?
I'm afraid it's not clear to me what you're asking, so I've put the question on hold for now. This question was also flagged as off-topic by one of our users, and I think that may be the case as well; I'm afraid I don't see a specific question about the Japanese language here.
Apr
2
comment even on 常用漢字表{じょうようかんじひょう}, no kanji have an official 送{おく}り仮名{がな}?
bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/joho/kijun/naikaku/okurikana
Apr
2
comment Repetitive words (e.g. どんどん, ぺらぺら, いらいら…)
Reduplication
Apr
1
comment How do you pronounce みずうみ? (lake)
@Kaji ほうむる is pronounced [ホームル]{LHHL}, according to the NHK dictionary.
Apr
1
comment Specific differences to consider between any individual katakana and hiragana?
@kinyo It might be more accurate to say "particles are almost always written in hiragana". It's not true that they're never written in katakana.
Apr
1
comment Deciphering Kanji
I suggest you learn kana thoroughly before you tackle kanji.
Mar
31
comment Why are こんにちは and こんばんは used for greetings?
@Kaji I don't think anyone thinks it's from *お早でございます. I think the latter is what some people assume, but it may or may not be the case. (Did you read the post linked above by Kouji Ueshiba?)
Mar
31
comment Is 行かされた a typo?
@istrasci Minor note: If you'd like, you can put two spaces at the end of each line instead of typing out <br/> each time. It has the same effect :-)
Mar
31
comment When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?
@hippietrail Most any 連用形 of a verb can be used like a noun. But 連用形 of adjectives are different and can't be used like nouns, with a few exceptions. (Some linguists suggest that the two don't form a coherent category, but many follow traditional grammar in treating them as the same thing because of their other similarities.)