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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!

 


Nov
18
comment Adverbs in Japanese versus English
I'll remove my comments since this isn't really the right place to discuss basic English grammar, and I don't want to make the off-topic discussion here longer than it already is. You can always start a thread on one of the English sites if you'd like to discuss what an English adverb is.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese on p.310, he points out this sort of verb pair: "There are also verbs which have a parasyntactic relationship similar to, but differing from, the transitive-intransitive relationship; both verbs are transitive but the direction of action is reversed". He pairs the outgoing 貸す・教える・預ける with the incoming 借りる・教わる・預かる.
Nov
17
comment Different usage of 五
What specifically is unfortunate about translating 他動詞 and 自動詞 to transitive verb and intransitive verb?
Nov
17
revised Different usage of 五
deleted 2 characters in body; edited tags
Nov
17
revised 私は米国人です vs 私はアメリカ人です
Proofreading
Nov
17
comment 私は米国人です vs 私はアメリカ人です
Do you see 法 used for France often? I thought 法 was mainly used for France in Chinese, while 仏 was mainly used for France in Japanese. Here is a chart.
Nov
15
reviewed Leave Closed How can I translate these workplace goals into Japanese?
Nov
15
revised Meaning of いやみを必ず顔に表す
Questions should have specific titles.
Nov
15
revised Are グラス and ガラス alternative spellings of the same word?
Formatting, tags
Nov
15
revised When to use XはYより vs XとYとどちらが……?
edited title
Nov
15
revised Can I insert hiragana in words I only know partially how to write?
Add a fifth reason
Nov
15
revised の in Verb+のじゃない: Nominalizer or Explanatory?
"ball" is ボール, not バル. You don't need a space after 「。」 Formatting, spelling
Nov
14
answered How should I write “ikigai” in shodō?
Nov
14
revised Getting your haircut in Japan
deleted 39 characters in body
Nov
14
revised の in Verb+のじゃない: Nominalizer or Explanatory?
Formatting, spaces, linkify Tae Kim's Guide, capitalization
Nov
13
comment Is the particle を in をでる comparable to elative case?
And if you wanted to, you could call the を in 「公園【こうえん】を散歩【さんぽ】する」 and 「橋【はし】を渡る【わたる】」 perlative! As an aside, the interpretation of the "perlative" を differs depending on whether the verb is telic or not (has a well-defined endpoint). The first example I gave is atelic, and the second is telic.
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
So the author of this web page didn't invent the "past participle" term themselves, it seems―maybe you could track down the Bloch or Teramura sources and see if they give an explanation. (Note that the presence or absence of て is the difference between the two lists of forms you present: it's part of し, しない, なく, and but absent from し, せず, なく, and に.)
Nov
13
comment This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?
It looks like the "participle" name for て is pretty old, going back to the 1800s. In Martin's 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese, "participle" for て is listed in the index as a term taken from Bernard Bloch on Japanese (1970), and in Hasegawa's 1996 paper The (Non-Vacuous) Semantics of TE-Linkage in Japanese, she says Teramura used the term "past participle" in 活用語尾・助動詞・補助動詞とアスペクト (1969), so it's been used more recently, too.
Nov
13
reviewed Close Is すしや and おすしやさん the same?
Nov
13
revised Expressing subject vs target
Incorporate clarifications from OP's comment