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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Aug
4
comment 「健全なる精神は健全なる身体に宿る」のなる
Yes, please be careful not to mix up 成る "become" with なる < にある, the adnominal form of the classical copula なり < にあり, which is the source of modern な. Compare the modern copula だ < であ < である < にてあり, which is etymologically the same as なり < にあり except with にて in place of に.
Aug
4
comment Meaning of 「生きるにしても死ぬにしても」
@Ataraxia Making reference nonspecific when there's no literal reason to do so is often taken as disparaging or belittling—you can do it with なんて, なんか, など, たり, だの, とか, etc., though the association is especially strong with なんて. If you want to read about the topic in detail, Satoko Suzuki describes it in Pejorative Connotation: A Case of Japanese (1996).
Aug
4
comment Meaning of 「生きるにしても死ぬにしても」
Searching online I find it written this way: 「人間なんて、生きるにしても、死ぬにしても、せいぜいたった100ねん。」
Aug
4
comment Adnominalisation (Relative clause - noun - copula structure): What does it mean? How can we translate it?
I added a new tag, information-structure, for discussions of different ways to structure the same information; also called information packaging because the information is the same as in a basic sentence, but it's packaged differently: "I ate the cake" versus "It was I who ate the cake", or "A man was walking down the street" versus "There was a man walking down the street", etc. Maybe we could find some older related questions and tag them, too.
Aug
4
revised Adnominalisation (Relative clause - noun - copula structure): What does it mean? How can we translate it?
edited tags
Aug
4
revised さくらさくらの「ぞ」はどういう意味?
edited title
Aug
3
answered Is there a difference between the particle お (o) and the particle を (wo)
Aug
3
comment Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
@EiríkrÚtlendi Yes, there are a few dialects that retain the distinction, around Shikoku and Kyushu according to Wikipedia. Thank you for pointing that out. But this answer is about standard Japanese. (I would be careful with the phrase "in the south and west", since that might be taken as describing a much larger region than actually makes the distinction. They're merged for most speakers.)
Aug
3
revised Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
Make answer less jargon-y, add link to Wikipedia for people who aren't familiar with "gemination"
Aug
3
revised Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
What is wrong with my brain? I accidentally put *both* dates 10 years into the past somehow.
Aug
2
answered Why is the kanji for luck the same as to carry?
Aug
2
comment Looking for references on 複合格助詞
I'm afraid it's too much for me to type up here, but you can probably find a copy at your library.
Aug
2
revised Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
Typo in year, forgot page number
Aug
2
answered Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?
Aug
2
comment Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?
@3to5businessdays 補助動詞 are grammaticalized uses of certain verbs (Martin 1975 p.512 lists いる/おる/いらっしゃる, くる/まいる, いく, くれる/くださる, しまう, みる, おく, もらう/いただく, ある/ございます, やる/あげる, and みせる) following て in which the verbs no longer have their usual meaning and aren't considered to form independent predicates. Most of them are not dummies because they contribute semantically, e.g. ~ている with its progressive/resultative/habitual/experiential meanings that ~て alone does not have. In contrast, で can form non-finite predicates without ある, so we can conclude that ある doesn't contribute semantically to である.
Aug
2
answered Looking for references on 複合格助詞
Aug
2
revised Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?
added 265 characters in body
Aug
2
answered Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?
Aug
1
answered What is this 10^40 thing?
Jul
31
comment The の in のに and なのに
@Sjiveru That's how Martin analyzes it in his 1975 Reference Grammar of Japanese (p.858): "In the third meaning of the の-nominalization—'fact (etc.)'―に occurs as the essive (or copula infinitive) with a special implication: 'despite the fact that'".