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Hello! I'm learning Japanese!


Jun
11
answered Are anaphoric personal pronouns limited to the third person (彼, 彼ら etc)?
Jun
11
revised Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
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Jun
11
comment Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
@dainichi Thanks, that's a good counterexample! It seems that I accidentally made my assertion too strong. But there's a real historical phenomenon to be discussed, if I can manage to get it right. Frellesvig (2010) writes of OJ: "The mediae and the liquid (/r/) did not occur word initially. There were, however, suffixes with initial media or liquid, [...] For the mediae, this does not seem to reflect an original phonotactic restriction, but rather the secondary origin of the mediae." (p.43) And with many verbs we can see how they developed later on (e.g. いづ became でる). I'll update :-)
Jun
11
comment Do you need です before から at the end of sentence?
Following an -i adjective, I think that in standard Japanese です has been reanalyzed as a politeness marker rather than a copula. It doesn't bear tense, the adjective does: 高かったです but not *高いでした; it's not in alternation with the plain form copula: 高いです or 高かったです but not *高いだ or *高かっただ; and 高い forms a complete predicate on its own. So in this case I would not call it a copula or a form of だ.
Jun
11
reviewed Approve suggested edit on hentaigana tag wiki
Jun
11
reviewed Approve suggested edit on ichidan-verbs tag wiki excerpt
Jun
11
reviewed Approve suggested edit on godan-verbs tag wiki excerpt
Jun
11
comment Word difference question - reply (返事 vs 返信)
Hello! Welcome to Japanese.SE! We prefer if you ask one question per question on this site. Please feel free to ask your other question separately. Thank you!
Jun
11
revised Word difference question - reply (返事 vs 返信)
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Jun
11
comment 病院に行きます or 病院へ行きます?
Since we already have a question that's substantially the same, I've linked this one as a duplicate. If anyone would like to add anything, please do it on an answer over there so we can keep all our answers in one place :-) Thank you!
Jun
10
comment ‥ができないと vs ‥はできないと
@YangMuye Some speakers don't feel じゃない has the force of は anymore and liken it to でない instead of ではない.
Jun
10
comment Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
@EiríkrÚtlendi Yes it is, but why only those five verbs is a question that we've been unable to answer.
Jun
10
comment Verb classification of honorific/humble verbs
I haven't found an explanation for why /r/ is elided only in those five verbs and only in certain constructions (e.g. with ます). Martin 1975 does note that the /r/ is retained in certain other constructions (see p.347).
Jun
10
revised Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
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Jun
10
comment Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
@DariusJahandarie I updated my answer now that I have more sources :-) I may come back to this later.
Jun
10
revised Origin of -aru verbs: いらっしゃる、おっしゃる、くださる、なさる
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Jun
9
revised What does「英」really mean?
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Jun
9
revised What does「英」really mean?
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Jun
9
revised What does「英」really mean?
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Jun
9
revised What does「英」really mean?
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