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9h
revised What is the difference between できました and しました?
deleted 60 characters in body
9h
comment Where does the な in 大人 (otona) come from?
I think this question is actually not about etymology (despite the tag), but about readings and why they don't match up to what the OP expects given the kanji, so I think this answer is perfect. If we focus on etymology instead, I'm not sure there's any well established answer, though we can list speculation. (Maybe that could be a separate question.) 日本国語大辞典 says 「語源に関し諸説があるが判然としない。」
11h
comment sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question
By "short form" do you mean "verb form without 〜ます"? I think the usual term for "leading noun" is "head noun".
12h
revised sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question
deleted 21 characters in body; edited title
13h
comment Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?
Even though the label 助動詞 suggests they're a kind of verb, in many cases it's difficult to argue that they are. For example, 〜ない looks more like an adjective. I've started to call them "auxiliaries" and not "auxiliary verbs".
13h
revised The positive ~じゃない
Typo
2d
comment Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?
@AJFarmar That appears to be an answer rather than a comment. By the way, it's probably better to call 日本 a word rather than a phrase.
2d
comment What is the etymology of the “emphatic” ない?
Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/q/11031/1478
2d
comment Referring to the English language
@virmaior I decided to include 米国語 in my search because Wikipedia listed it as an alternative name for アメリカ英語, but I can't really recall seeing it before, either.
2d
comment Trying to understand the use of が as の
Then we can't tell from your question which of the following is true: ① You misunderstood. ② You encountered a lexicalized possessive like 我が, and mistakenly generalized it to include examples like 彼が. ③ You encountered an older form of the language. ④ You encountered a dialect like 熊本弁 which still has possessive が outside of fossilized forms.
2d
comment Trying to understand the use of が as の
Can you give us a complete sentence as an example?
2d
revised Referring to the English language
deleted 2 characters in body
2d
revised What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜
edited tags
2d
answered Referring to the English language
2d
revised How to separate words in a Japanese sentence?
fix spelling; add Earthliŋ's new username
May
23
awarded  Nice Answer
May
21
comment The origins and mechanics of pitch accent in SJ compounds
The NHK accent dictionary lists only yué, not yúe, for 故.
May
21
comment The origins and mechanics of pitch accent in SJ compounds
"yúé" is explained on page 20: "In this book we attempt to show all possible varieties of accent in standard use for each word by placing an accent mark over the vowel at each point where a speaker might choose to locate the fall of pitch. In pronouncing the word kokóró [mo] 'the heart [also]', some people will say kokoró [mo] with the accent on the last syllable of the noun, while others―probably the majority―will say kokóro [mo], with the accent in the middle. [...]" It's worth reading the notational conventions chapter.
May
21
comment Parsing and making sense of this sentence with multiple が's
Yeah, I think it's reasonable to use the parse metaphor when discussing how we should break down sentences, whether we do it consciously or not. And I think your sentence only has one likely parse, @akj.
May
20
revised Parsing and making sense of this sentence with multiple が's
edited tags