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seen Aug 16 '13 at 16:05

"Ack! Bar?" -Allahu

吾輩は猫である。名前はまだ無い。


Jul
15
revised Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs
deleted 17 characters in body
Jul
15
revised Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs
added 56 characters in body
Jul
15
revised Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs
deleted 8 characters in body
Jul
15
comment Utterance initial [ɾ]
Stingy curmudgeons won't give it to me through my uni. And its a scant 3 pages. For $30US. For an international authority on phonetic transcription, their guidance is a little overpriced. Anyways, ty for helpful answer. I guess the features are [∓lateral] or [∓central] then.
Jul
15
awarded  Scholar
Jul
15
accepted Utterance initial [ɾ]
Jul
15
answered Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs
Jul
15
revised Utterance initial [ɾ]
added 21 characters in body
Jul
15
comment Utterance initial [ɾ]
@sawa I know, but this is all the information I have! lolz. But this phone does not have a phonemic status, so a minimal pair in phonemes just doesn't exist. For a minimal pair in allophony, I think literally any other non-utterance-initial [ɾ] will serve as a phonetic contrast. Example: らちのらちです。the first [ɾ] must be the non-tap allophone where the second is a tap. This is really the best I can do.
Jul
15
awarded  Student
Jul
15
asked Utterance initial [ɾ]
Jul
10
comment What changes are made to the pronunciation of gairaigo?
「昨日、golfをしました。」 Are you talking about code switching?
Jul
10
comment What changes are made to the pronunciation of gairaigo?
"Additionally, if you ... it easier to understand?" This seems to be an ancillary (and oversimplified) Q to the OPのQ because the A to this relies on semantics and cultural considerations in addition to 発音学. No doubt acoustic perception is biased or preconditioned by mental expectations which have their derivations from knowledge/experience of the associated cultural framework within which all language behaviour inevitably takes place. So this Q is at least ostensibly valid, but its A is considerably more complex than indicated. I think this Q it should be delegated to a separate post.
Jul
10
comment What changes are made to the pronunciation of gairaigo?
外来語 is a term used for a class of loanwords that have already undergone/completed/finished rephonemizication. To be technically scrupulous, the source word (of the source language) that is being imported must undergo phonemic and prosodic transformation, the result of which is a 外来語. In other words 外来語 is not the thing that is being imported, it is the result of an importation.
Jul
10
comment What changes are made to the pronunciation of gairaigo?
Japanese vowel length distinctions don't have a very high functional load; at any given point in a conversation mistakenly pronouncing a long vowel as a short vowel or vice versa is very unlikely to result in something that a listener could interpret as a plausible alternative utterance (The Sounds of Japanese, T. Vance, 2008). Vance's statement is too vague to be of any real help, but it does suggest that if プローグラーマ is impermissible, it is likely by an arbitrary and conspicuous preference of speakers and not by ungrammaticality.
Jul
8
comment What changes are made to the pronunciation of gairaigo?
@sawa Interestingly enough テキスト and テクスト is a minimal pair in the segments /i/{[front]} and /u/{[back]} and the fact that speakers distinguish the words (at the discourse level) attests to the status as [front/back] as a distinctive feature of Japanese vowels. こりゃ教えてくれてどうも!
Jun
22
comment What are the rules for substituting の with ん?
@sawa The problem is that にて → んて → で is very ambiguous in technical respects. For example, I don't know if に is part of the word かに (crab) so that にて → んて → で is actually かにて → かんて → かで. Nor can I tell if にて → んて → で is actually にてよ → んてよ → でよ because the environment is not clarified. If a textbook only states that "にて → んて → で" then either they are assuming the reader implicitly understands the environment or they are not specifying to a sufficient level of detail for phonological analysis. If you can find the explicit environment, then comment here again. ありあり
Jun
22
answered Pronunciation of W
Jun
22
comment What are the rules for substituting の with ん?
$4 @sawa にて → んて → で Is this a real etymology? As I said above, the first NS alternation is predicated on a morpheme boundary (β) existing as: にβて. Which implies that the alternation んて → で would be transgressing morpheme boundaries. I'm curious to know what environments にて → んて → で occurs in. Or, in other words, could you draw all the relevant morpheme boundaries? For example , assuming に is a morpheme, and て is a morpheme (perhaps a particle), and で is the modern day particle, we would have as morpheme boundaries: βにβてβ → βんβてβ → βでβ. (If X is a particle then it has morpheme boundaries βXβ)
Jun
22
revised What are the rules for substituting の with ん?
added 73 characters in body