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seen Jun 18 '13 at 14:43

Aug
26
comment Which part of speech is the 「ぞ」 {zo} in 「神のみぞ知るセカイ」 {kami nomi zo shiru sekai}?
They are considered different particles in the standard grammar.
Aug
26
comment Which part of speech is the 「ぞ」 {zo} in 「神のみぞ知るセカイ」 {kami nomi zo shiru sekai}?
This ぞ is a 係助詞, not 終助詞. The Wikipedia article doesn't have it.
Aug
26
comment Is this a proper use of tara and toki for “when”?
「つまみを回る」→「つまみを回す」
Aug
26
comment What is よ doing as a connector before a comma?
This is pretty simple. The punctuation is wrong. The text you posted should be 本気なら地上波でやれよ。受信料返せ。
Aug
26
comment Spotting the N1 に N2 construction (eg パンにバター)
What does Sentence 1 mean? I think that it doesn't make sense. Who is the subject of 分かった? What you considered as the N1 に N2 construction is usually a phrase with omission of a verb. パンにバターをぬる makes パンにバター, which comes from パンにぬる and バターをぬる.
Aug
25
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
Basically I don't like why-type questions about language usages, because it is very tough to examine whether a certain theory is correct or not.
Aug
15
comment What does the word ゆける signify?
The te-form of ゆく is ゆいて (イ音便) instead of ゆって (促音便), but it was obsolete. ゆく(行く) was much popular than いく(行く) in classical Japanese, but we usually use いく and read 行く as いく at present time.
Aug
15
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
In classical Japanese, ある was used for both animate and inanimate things. I don't know if it is related to the exceptions. Every language changes.
Aug
15
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
@TsuyoshiIto: If you have the clear answer that most scholars accept, it will be a good job to show it here. I think that it could be done by a Japanese linguist researching this very specific field. These kinds of topics, like "why are there exceptions?", in general, in nature, don't have clear answers. That's why those are "exceptions". I wrote several usages about this topic, but I didn't try to explain why there are exceptions.
Aug
14
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
@jkerian I want to ask you if you want to be able to speak Japanese or want to do research about Japanese as a language.
Aug
14
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
The 運転手 case follows the rule you mentioned right there: "There is a generally expressed rule in Japanese that, when declaring existence, いる is used for animate subjects, and ある is used for inanimate subjects."
Aug
14
comment Other uses of “imperative prohibition” form eg わかるな ・すわんな
@Tim You can use the expressions to children (or intimate friends), but the children don't (shouldn't) use them to adults, even to their parents. It means the expressions sound rude.
Aug
14
comment aru vs iru : Why is aru in “Watakushi-wa untenshu-ga aru” (私は運転手がある) unacceptable?
I think that 私は子どもがXいる is definitely more common and popular. You don't have to say 私は子供がある, even though you can find it sometimes. Linguists try to explain these types of questions, but there is often no clear reason. From the pragmatic perspective, you don't need to use ある at all in the case.
Aug
13
comment Other uses of “imperative prohibition” form eg わかるな ・すわんな
Because both are considered rude.
Aug
13
comment Other uses of “imperative prohibition” form eg わかるな ・すわんな
Those have different accent/intonation patters from the imperative prohibition (at least in the Tokyo dialect).
Aug
12
comment Imperative used instead of conditional form
google.co.jp/…
Aug
11
comment Adverbial form: 楽しみに or 楽しみで?
In your case, those are usually not considered particles. 楽しみな is a na-adjective (or 形容動詞), while 楽しみ itself works as a noun. We also have 楽しんで, which is a te-form (or 連用形 + 助動詞て) of the verb 楽しむ.
Aug
10
comment What is the difference between 彼氏が出来る and 彼氏を作る?
In my opinion in this case, 作る means doing something so that you have something you have not had.
Aug
9
comment What is the difference between 彼氏が出来る and 彼氏を作る?
Why...., because everyone says so. 友達を作る, 男/女を作る, 敵を作る, and so on. If you look up in a Japanese dictionary, you can find a lot of meanings.
Aug
9
comment What is the difference between 彼氏が出来る and 彼氏を作る?
Probably you know that ラーメンができる and ラーメンを作る are different.