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I speak Japanese semi-natively, but have never studied Japanese grammar formally (only the stuff I've picked up here and there). I'm very interested in grammar in general, but do not know much of the terminology specific to Japanese. Looking forward to learn (and teach)!


1d
comment Why is 住んでいるのが好きです incorrect?
Your teachers probably didn't want to complicate things and therefore just taught you the simplest/most useful version. Here's a dictionary with an example ejje.weblio.jp/sentence/content/… 彼女は町に住んでいるのが好きではありませんでした
2d
comment Why is 住んでいるのが好きです incorrect?
住んでいるのが好き gives me 43 Google hits and 住むのが好き gives me 249. I wouldn't say 住んでいるのが好き is wrong, but it is slightly less common and has a slightly different nuance. Who told you it was incorrect?
2d
comment Does 友達 have the plural marker たち “built-in”?
Note that the productive plural marker is たち, never だち.
2d
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@ThomasGross, I find topic-focus analysis a bit more hairy for contrastive-は sentences, but ignoring those here, I agree with your analysis. I was going to mention that while 許して頂けません? is not really a question, but a request "please forgive", 許しては頂けませんの? is a real negative question, expecting a possibly negative answer. は likes negative environments. While I can read 許しては頂けませんの? with a non-contrastive は, I can only read 許しては頂けますの?as a contrastive は.
2d
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@chigusa, if emphasis=strengthening-of-voice, then I'm having a hard time seeing what the above はs have to do with emphasis, since for example I can say both 面白くは**ない** or **面白く**はない. One obvious reading of the above はs is contrastive-は. The problem with the OP example, though, is that it doesn't seem contrastive (although we do not have full context), so it's a bit more subtle than that.
2d
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@ThomasGross, heh, good one, point taken. But in this case, what would emphasizing いただけません mean? Can you not forgive ME?
Jul
29
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@Sjiveru, one of my pet peeves is how I feel "emphasis" is used as a catch-all to explain away many things in language. What does it mean to "emphasize" ユルして? Forgive very strongly? Forgive completely? Forgive in contrast with some other action? The meaning of emphasizing いただけません seems even vaguer to me, since it's used as an auxiliary verb here.
Jul
29
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
@snailboat, good find and good point. I've retracted my close vote, but will leave the comment, since I believe it's related and relevant.
Jul
29
comment Why do we have to use ている form of 思う with third person subject
But "I think to go abroad" doesn't work either, does it? So I don't see how your English parallel works.
Jul
28
comment 「~てはいただけません」- Why the は?
possible duplicate of Why is the topic marker often used in negative statements (ではない, ~とは思わない)?
Jul
21
comment Some Japanese dictionaries (e.g. 大辞林, 大辞泉, and 明鏡国語辞典) use this inverted triangle outline symbol (▽) for some kanji compounds. What does it mean?
This question appears to be off-topic because it is about specific conventions in specific dictionaries, not about the Japanese language.
Jul
18
comment 私は猫が好き and 猫は私が好き
These are the default interpretations, and probably good enough since OP is a beginner. However, 1 can also mean "cats like me", and 2 can also mean "I like cats" (In the right context with the right prosody)
Jul
16
comment Is the 'h' in Japanese pronounced the same as the 'f'?
"For other speakers, the ɸ>h sound change is complete". You mean for certain dialects? I haven't noticed this in standard Japanese, and FWIW, it's not mentioned here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_phonology
Jul
15
comment Can you say “よい夢へ” instead of “よい夢を”?
@user312440, "The only rule that is always true in English is that every sentence must have a verb." That cannot be true. Even if you relax this and say that it's a rule of English, this would mean that you don't consider "Sweet dreams!" a sentence, and so, the rule is irrelevant for this discussion.
Jul
14
comment What does よいではないか mean?
I took the liberty of replacing "No problem, no problem" since it seemed a bit off. "No problem" is usually used to reply to thanks or apologies.
Jul
14
comment Valid interpretations of the (first) て-form in 何かを犠牲にして、その上で、平和は成り立っている。
@Svante, 成り立つ is a change-of-state verb (or whatever your preferred nomenclature is), so the perfective state-of-having-been-built is 成り立っている. 成り立つ could be used as a habitual.
Jul
10
comment Is there a special way of asking hypothetical questions?
@ThomasGross, any sources for your rule that counterfactual expressions require the past tense? There is no such rule, and Naruto seems to agree with me in his example 仮に公園に行くなら、何をすると思いますか?
Jul
10
comment Is there a special way of asking hypothetical questions?
That's because 行った is not past tense, it's perfective aspect. What will you do after having gone to the park. 死んだら何する?doesn't work because you cannot do anything after having died.
Jul
10
comment Is there a special way of asking hypothetical questions?
@virmaior, the semantic difference between "If I play, I win" and "If I played, I'd win" is that the latter is counterfactual, i.e. I don't play. The grammatical difference is only in verb forms, at least if you agree to call "would win" a form of "win".
Jul
10
comment Is there a special way of asking hypothetical questions?
@ThomasGross, I would say 行った does not express counterfactuality, it expresses aspect. 行ったら何する? has no counterfactual conditional, it can even express future tense, the point is that 行った is perfective aspect in relation to the する.