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9

今後 means "from now on", whereas 未来 refers to a time far in the future. Note that 未来 refers to some point in the future, whereas 今後 is something starting from the present, and continuing (indefinitely) into the future. For the near future (even one's own future), you're better off using 将来. 未来 usually has a sense of being farther forward in time than that.


8

Yes. ~様 is an honorific and can be easily thought of as a more respectful version of ~さん. It is gender neutral, so it can be used by both men and women when addressing either gender. It is often used when addressing someone of a higher social position, or someone for whom you have high regards. On a day-to-day basis, it's commonly used to address ...


8

Although 季【き】 and 節【せつ】 both can mean 'season' within various compounds, they are not used on their own to mean 'season' at least in modern Japanese. You always have to say 季節. Many Japanese compounds are made of two kanji with similar meanings: 危険 (danger + danger), 豊富 (plenty + plenty), 永久 (eternity + eternity), and so on. In most cases, you cannot just ...


6

It is, and it is. It's a way to make references to well-known works without the legal headaches that using the actual copyrighted title would. This is quite common in parodies - Gintama for example has used this trick to no end; the anime does this instead by bleeping out a syllable or two as the character states the name. I could be wrong, but from my ...


5

Edited in bold font An action in non-past tense in a なら clause is to succeed that of the main clause, and if you use it wrongly, people will misunderstand which happens before and which after. Past tense in なら clauses stands for if it's true or not. As long as you use なら correctly, たら is enough versatile to replace ~と and ~ば. You can't use たら for actions ...


5

It would be 「[私]{わたし}の[大学]{だいがく}での[経験]{けいけん}」 or 「大学での私の経験」. You would need to use 「での」 instead of 「の」. 「大学での経験」, without using a pronoun, is just fine as well.


4

Basically, 疎{おろ}か is an adjective (形容動詞) so it has to "decorate" a noun. In Japanese a nominalized sentence just behave like a noun so both of your sentences are grammatical and make sense. But their meaning is slighly different. 漢字{かんじ}の読{よ}み方{かた}はおろか,... Not to mention the way kanji are read, ... Whereas, 漢字{かんじ}を読{よ}むのはおろか,... Not to ...


4

宿題ができました。 You would say this to mean 'I just finished/completed my homework'. Your homework is complete now. 宿題をしました。 This means 'I did my homework'. Your homework may or may not be complete. For example, if you say しました。 as a reply to 宿題はしましたか? , you normally mean you have completed it. But you could also say 宿題をしました。まだ最後までできていませんが。(I did my ...


4

厚生, 福祉 and 福利 First of all, 福利 and 厚生 are almost outdated words except in legal terms or a combination of 福利厚生 ("fringe benefits" according to WP). 福祉 is the most common word covers "welfare" in every situation today. 福利 particularly refers to benefits or services one can gain from welfare system. And 厚生 literally means "fulfilled life" or "life ...


4

People would figure out what you mean and forgive you because you're only a learner of Japanese, but you may get a few strange looks for some sentences. The commenter's research study in your cited question, attributed to a study done in 1989 by Shinji Sanada also shows もっと早く{起きると/起きれば/起きたら}よかった。 I should have woken up earlier. Tokyo: 4% と; 94% ば; 2% たら ...


3

復帰 (intransitive) It originally means "back to original location/position", then figuratively refers to "back to work". This word doesn't imply at all the subject was once out of order: you put your PC in sleep mode, then press the power button, the machine will 復帰する. 復元 (transitive or intransitive) This word put stress on "to reproduce the original ...


3

Even without any context to go with, only [b. 行くことにしようよ] is correct as a phrase. We would never say [a. 行こうとしようよ] or [c. 行くようになろうよ] in any situation. The problem with [a. 行こうとしようよ] is that it is double-volitional (行こう & しよう) and it is ungrammatical. It is grammatical to say 「行くとしよう」 or 「行こうとする」 in single-volitional, but not 「行こうとしよう」 in double. ...


3

Although it may depend on the context, I would basically say 'no'. The two phrases mean different things and because of that, one would expect different types of phrases to follow each. The two would largely be uninterchangeable. 「[漢字]{かんじ}の[読]{よ}み[方]{かた}はおろか」 would mean "not to mention how to read (the) kanji", "not to mention how (the) kanji are read", ...


3

"先生が多い必要とすると思います" is not valid: "先生が - 必要とする" means "The teacher(s) need[s] (something)". When we need teachers, use either "先生を必要とする" or "先生が必要だ". If placed like this, the 多い has to work like an adverb : "先生を多く必要とする" If one insist on "多い" form, it has to modify the noun "先生": "*多い先生を必要とする" -- and there's one more trap: in such usage, "多くの先生を必要とする" is the ...


2

First thing I would like to point out is that 教えりました is fundamentally wrong. I think you were looking for 教えました (Remember that 教える is 一段{いちだん} or "weak" verb). In this case however, I think you would like to express gratitude for the person who taught you and thus stay polite. I would reach for either the active 教えてもらう or passive 教えてくれる depending on where ...


2

There is not much of a real difference between the two when kids say those in real life. The main difference, however minor it may be, is that the topic (and focus) is 「宿題」 in 「宿題ができました。」 whereas it is the speaker him/herself in 「宿題をしました。」. A more interesting difference is that 「宿題ができました。」 has another completely different meaning, which is "I have ...


2

Both are the same meaning 殺さずに生け捕るってのが面倒でしたがね 殺さずに生け捕るのが面倒でしたがね the って is a abbreviation of という which is emphasizing 殺さずに生け捕る.


1

Even though Eric says it is not rude to use ください is japanese, based on your question, you are looking for a softer way to ask/request things. ・ください is like a formal and cold please but can be a bit straight sometimes. You can use it when you are the customer or the supervisor. Otherwise, to avoid this straightness, the sentence is often turned the other way ...


1

Yes, わるいところ could indeed mean "negative aspect." ところ literally means "place", and this can be broadly interpreted as an actual place, a point in time, a characteristic, etc. Some other examples of ところ used in the broader sense: ドレスのシンプルなところが好きだ。 I like the simplicity of the dress. (Characteristic) 彼は高慢なところがない。 He has no pride. ...


1

The short answer is: "Because 「~~ようになる」 refers to a future event." That is exctly how the "present" tense works in many cases in Japanese. 「[大学]{だいがく}に[行]{い}きます。」 means "I will be attending college." In other words, that is something a high school kid would say. If you were already a college student, you would most invariably say 「大学に行っています。」. ...


1

「遍」 is used to count action,movement or behavior. and It is more archaic and informal than 「回」 ○「その動画10遍見たけど、理解出来なかった」 (I watched the video for 10times but I couldn't understand any of it.) This word can't be used for Ordinal number. ×「この映画を見るのはこれが3遍目です。」 ○「この動画を見るのはこれが3回目です。」 (This is third time for me to watch this video.)


1

After posting this question I found this link. Lessons 24 to 28 systematically introduce the conditionals and the reasons for choosing each one. Here's my attempt at a summary 〜と Use when the main clause is an inevitable or uncontrollable result of the condition 電気をつけると、明るくなります. ニューヨークに行くとおもしろい店がたくさんある。 ~ば/なら ば is used for verbs and ...



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