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8

This question is trickier than it may appear to many J-learners and here is why. OP's first sentence means what s/he stated in English NOT only because 「て」 was used but also because the two activities happen to be those that could not take place simultaneously -- "brush teeth" and "eat". 「て」 can certainly signify the sequence of activities, but it can also ...


6

In this context, 「て」 = 「ても」. In informal speech, 「て」 is often used instead of 「ても」. What is 「ても」, then? It is a compound of two particles used to express "permission" or "tolerance". Both of the following phrases mean "It is OK to ~~", "It is OK if ~~" with the first one being more informal than the second. 「~~て(も)いい」 「~~て(も)かまわない」 Thus, your ...


5

"It's clear to me that [結婚]{けっこん}する is a change verb, but I'm not sure if 結婚する is transitive or intransitive." In Japanese, it is intransitive. You can only say 「Person + と + 結婚する」, never 「Person + を + 結婚する」. " All the dictionaries I've checked don't list 結婚する, just 結婚." Of course not, because 「結婚する」 is two words. For the sake of a smooth ...


5

You have pretty much answered your question. It could mean both the things you have stated depending on the tone of the leader's voice. Given the fact that one of the comrade responds 「は、はい……」, I take that the leader is saying "we have believed in the goddess and come this far haven't we?".


5

どんなに寒くても...(No matter how cold it is...) is correct, but どんなに寒いでも is incorrect. Maybe it was a typo of どんなに寒い日でも or something. You form the phrase this way: with i-adjectives: 「どんなに/どれほど+連用形(~く)+て+も」 eg. 「どんなに忙しくても」「どんなに古くても」 with na-adjectives: 「どんなに/どれほど+連用形(~で)+も」 eg. 「どんなにきれいでも」「どんなに好きでも」 with nouns: 「どんなに/どれほど+(adjective)+noun+で+も」 eg. ...


4

「Verb in [連用形]{れんようけい} + て + の + Noun」 is a phrase pattern in which the "Verb + て + の" part describes the condition that generates what is expressed by the following noun. 「“[昭和]{しょうわ}な[顔]{かお}”を[買]{か}われての[起用]{きよう}」 means: "casting based upon his reputation as having the 'Showa-esque face'" 「買われる」 here means "to be regarded highly". (I am not ...


4

これはAで、Bではありません。 means 'This is A, not B.' This is similar to これはBではなく、Aです。(This is not B, but A). これはAですが、Bではありません。(This is A, but not B.) So これらは "Yes, I'm following you; please continue."という意味で、"Yes, I agree." という意味ではありません。 means 'This means "Yes, I'm following you; please continue" and NOT "Yes I agree".' You would say ...


4

「~~させ (causative verb form) + て + いただく」 expresses receiving the permission (or opportunity) to perform an action from another person. 「いただく」 = 「もらう」 in meaning. Former is only politer than the latter. 「[取]{と}らせていただいた」 means "I/We received the permission to take/collect ~~." One could also use as a translation "I/We had the pleasure of ...


4

The basic meaning is the same as 渡さない. There are two differences: The focus particle は adds emphasis to the negative. In order to add the particle, the verb is split into two parts, 渡し+しない, with the particle added in between. The Western negative form せん (from せぬ) is used instead of the Eastern form しない. No, it doesn't mean "cross over a road or ...


4

The intransitive verb 届く (to reach) and the transitive verb 届ける (to convey, to deliver) are usually used with tangible objects such as letters. But it's also frequently used with words representing feelings. 感謝の気持ちを届ける convey the feelings of gratitude 君に届け Let (It) Reach You The second example is the title of a manga, and people can easily ...


4

The conjunctive form (aka pre-ます form) sounds more dry/learned/erudite/scholarly/formal. I hate all of those adjectives to describe it, but I think you know what I mean. It's of a higher register than the て form.


3

The answer is basically no. You can express any progressive actions with (adverbal form) + つつある, which was created to translate exactly English progressive forms, though it's not frequently used in everyday conversation. Speaking how to translate the examples you suggested to common expressions, "My friend is going to Europe now":私の友達は今ヨーロッパへ向かっている "The ...


3

Usually, A-て B composition describes "do B with effect or result of A", that is, either A continues as long as B does (like your second one 輝いて見えた), or A completes when/before B starts. But I know, oddly enough, A sometimes accepts action of utterance that apparently too late for B's beginning. Some examples through quick Googling: ...


3

You have the general gist right, but the middle line is literally "I won't hand her over to anyone!" //watas-u// ⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊ //watas-i wa s-uru// ⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊⇊ //watas-i wa s-en//  (≡ //watas-i wa s-enu// ≡ //watas-i wa s-inai//) The //-en// is the same thing you find in 「ません」, it's a more literary negative form. If the grammatical explanation ...


3

I think you have almost grasped the "tournure" and I have few to contribute, but... I assume the phrase is still a contraction of 見ていて That's correct. As for the example, the girl in the film says おとう、見てて. That corresponds to "Look at me (doing this), Dad." it would mean something like "check out this website (and continue doing so for a nontrivial ...


3

~ている means "am currently doing" (Think v+ing in English) Dictionary form is more general. So in answer to your questions: 今食べています is I'm eating (literally in the act of doing). 今食べます works fine grammatically but it has a different meaning. If you were asked when you were going to eat, you could reply with 今食べます which would mean you are going to start ...


3

First, whether the main verb is 「[食]{た}べる」 or 「[行]{い}く」, the usages of 「~~たい」 and 「~~てみたい」 stay the same. If I said 「スペインに行ってみたい。」, what should you know as a listener? You should know that: 1) I am interested in going to Spain. And also that; 2) I have never been to Spain. ← This is an implied fact. From this simple sentence alone, however, ...


3

~たい expresses your desire to do something. ~てみる is used to express that you will try something (usually for the first time). so when you put them together, ~てみたい expresses that you want to try to do something for the first time. (which would imply that you will see if you like it or not). This works for all verbs. 夏休みに日本に行きたいです。 I want to go to Japan during ...


3

I would like to add a note on the implications of 〜てみたい. Consider the case of the verb 行く. In a simple sentence such as Xに行ってみたい, it may imply you have never been to X before. In general, however, it implies that the verbal action is in some sense something new to you, and that you'd like to experience it. Or in other words, if you are trying out something ...


2

The reason I'm confused over this is because despite the clauses being opposite polarity they are using the て/で form. The で you mentioned is used to join two sentences here, and it isn't a counterpart of て/で form in verbs, though their... they're very confusing. As it's... its true identity is somewhat debatable and I don't know how your textbook ...


2

I would simply say いもうとは東京にいます for "My little sister is in Tokyo." いもうとは東京に行っています has the connotation that she is away in Tokyo, hence she is not here. I would say いもうとは東京に行くところです (or いもうとは東京に向け移動中です if you prefer a more formal style) for "My little sister is going to Tokyo." * added * I think @Choko's choice 妹は東京に向かっています works as well.


2

そうする refers to 順応して我を殺す (= 社会/環境に順応して、自分/自我を押し殺す) [我]{が}を殺す is like "repress oneself/ego", not "commit suicide". So I think it would be like: [(他の大多数がそうするように)順応して我を殺す]ことを良しとせず・・・ (They) are not willing to [adapt themselves to the circumstances (or, adjust to the society) and repress their ego (as the majority do)], ...


2

It's hard to say something definitive without more context, but it's probably either one of the followings: The te-form used as a request. "Please include things about Wallenstein, too." The main verb after 含めて (教えてください, 話そう, etc.) is omitted, because it's already specified before this sentence. "(Tell me about the incident.) Including things about ...


2

Your guess is perfectly right. [EDIT for the update: the basic meaning of continuative forms is sequential occurrence, may or may not imply causality.] And the last part 大きく息を吐く describes a motion of deep breath (expiration). I think English speakers give "sigh of relief", too. Perhaps it's more understandable in English to merge the last te-form verb chain ...


2

Generally speaking, connecting two verbs like this using te-form indicates the two actions happens simultaneously, or the second one happens soon after the first one. 酔って運転する drive under the influence of alcohol, drink and drive 会って話す meet and talk 食べて寝る eat and sleep, go to bed just after eating 遊んで暮らす spend days in idleness In your ...


2

と -in the sense of A and B- and や can only be used to connect nouns or noun-phrases, but they cannot be used to connect adjectives and verbs. Therefore this sentence would be wrong: x 日本語クラスは簡単なと面白いと楽しい。 But you can say this: ○ 日本語クラスといえば、「簡単な」と「面白い」と「楽しい」という言葉を思い出す。 Regarding Japanese classes, I think of [the words] "easy/simple" and ...


2

よけいな心配しないで、のびのびと育ってね。 て form at the end of a sentence serves as a command form. The と is a case particle, のびのび is a mimetic word and adverb. The と can be left off. つりたくない者が、つるわけない。 Anyone who doesn't want to hang himself, can't possibly hang himself.


1

This is a great question, because Japanese and English don't coincide one-to-one in some spots. ~ている can mean "current status (as a result of something happening)" or "currently doing" Like snailboat mentioned in a comment, if you said 忘れている it means both "in the state of having forgotten" and "forgetting" I think if you train yourself to see ~ている as "the ...


1

As you understand, 興奮する is not a static aspect (, which is 興奮している). In that sense, the description of the dictionary should be "興奮する: get excited, 興奮している: be excited". However the problem is, actual usage of the two forms isn't correspondent between English and Japanese. For example, "I watched the movie. I was excited" is (I believe) more common than "got ...


1

through their belief in the goddesses that they/he have come so far(and so the goddesses will help them win) I think this is your answer. If you read the whole thing, he orders the comrads to fight with prayers (I am not quite sure how to translate this. "You will fight with your prayers equipped"). So you will win because the goddess will help you. ...



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