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4

To add to that answer, I just wanted to point out a few key points: In the first sentence, it is not "i don't want to go," but "I didn't want to go." Don't miss the past tense in 行きたくなかった So now look at the second sentence and it also ends in past tense (行くことにした), so the resulting meaning is not "so I decided to go in the end," but "so I went in the end."...


4

You are right that と is quotative. The verb is 聞いて instead of 聞いた because the て-form here is being used to chain a sequence of events together: the speaker hears that it is okay to climb using the ropeway, and then decides to go. Using 聞いた instead would be ungrammatical, since it is not the final verb in the clause. The same thing could happen with 言う. For ...


2

First we have to make a distinction between 日本語教育 and 国語教育 (which follows 学校文法). In 日本語教育 the te-form always includes the て/で part. In 国語教育 the te-form is not recognized, as it is just considered to be a perverse version of the 連用形 and not an actual newly developed form. I think there are two reasons: Simplification of the grammar 「て形」を独立した活用形の一つと考えると、「...


2

As you showed in the chart, The pre-ます-form is regular 五段動詞の連用形 The pre-て-form is(五段動詞の連用形)+(音便) So I think it is a correct and helpful distinction from a phrase-production perspective. Especially for learners asking questions like, "How do I say 'He is eating an apple'?" But Japanese grammarians are likely more considered with the 音便 itself from ...


1

I fear this is less an answer by itself (you have received two very good ones already), but rather a strongly related aside. Most materials for Japanese language learners take a one-size-fits-all approach that roughly equates to "favor immediate (safe) usability (= production)". This is why nearly all common text books teach ~ます first instead of teaching ...


1

With action verbs like 読む{よむ} the -ている form becomes -ing in English. 昨日{きのう}、一{いち}時間{じかん}本{ほん}を読み{よみ}ました。 I read a book for one hour yesterday. 昨日{きのう}、一{いち}時間{じかん}本{ほん}を読{よ}んでいました。 I was reading a book for one hour yesterday.



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