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Am I using は and が right? ×私は山田さんが描きました。 ○私は山田さんを描きました。I drew Yamada-san. ○私は山田さんの[絵]{え}を描きました。I drew a picture of Yamada-san. You have to mark the direct object (the thing the verb acts upon) with を.Like in 私はパンを食べます (I eat bread), for example, where you mark the thing you eat with を. Here you attach を to the thing you drew. Am I using the right ...


You are understanding に correctly. This is actually a quirk of the verb 溢れる. It can be used with either a subject (〜が) or with an object (〜に/〜で). 元気 as subject 若者に元気が溢れている 元気 is overflowing in the 若者 元気 as object 若者が元気に溢れている 若者 is overflowing with 元気 Just remember that when you are talking about something that is overflowing literally and ...

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