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16

It's short for の家{うち}. You will normally see the abbreviation んち: (1a) 俺の家に来い。 (1b) 俺んちに来い。 (2a) お前の家に行きたいなぁ。 (2b) お前んちに行きたいなぁ。 But in cases where there is already an ん before the abbreviation (like おばあちゃん ends in ん in this case) we just see ち: (3a) タモリさんの家に行きたい。 (3b) タモリさんちに行きたい。 (4a) 明日麻美ちゃんの家に行く。 (4b) 明日麻美ちゃんちに行く。 So your ...


11

The biggest mistake you have made is in trusting that translation, which is not even close to the original. コケ does not mean "fool"; It is not even a noun. It is from the verb こける, which means "to trip over", "to fall down", etc. っぷり comes from ふ り, which means "the manner / way in which one performs an action". 食べっぷりがいい, for instance, means that someone ...


7

After a few minutes of murmuring to myself, I am going to say that basically, the 「~~がり[屋]{や}」 form will stand if the 「~~がり」form stands with an adjective. The naturalness and frequency of use of the 「~~がり屋」 form as an independent word look to be in direct proportion to those of its 「~~がり」form. Among the ones that might not make their way into the ...


7

「[割]{わ}る」 here means "to dilute". See meaning #II-4 in http://kotobank.jp/jeword/%E5%89%B2%E3%82%8B?dic=pje3&oid=SPJE04759100 「[泡盛]{あわもり}のコーヒー割り」 = "awamori diluted with coffee" Other common terms containing 「割り」: ウイスキーのソーダ割り/[水]{みず}割り [焼酎]{しょうちゅう}のウーロン[茶]{ちゃ}割り


6

The かん here is 間 in kanji, and this is used as a suffix to refer to a span of time. ろくしゅう in your sentence is spelled 六週 in kanji and means "six weeks", but in a way that is more ambiguous than the English. Various suffixes can be added on the end to make things more specific, like 目{め} to mean "the sixth week", or 分{ぶん} to indicate six weeks' worth of ...


5

The Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Japanese (BCCWJ, http://www.kotonoha.gr.jp/shonagon) draws on published sources such as literature, newspapers, etc., as recent as 2005. The numbers for the words in question are 移民者{いみんしゃ} iminsha 8 results 移住者{いじゅうしゃ} ijūsha 181 results 労働者{ろうどうしゃ} rōdōsha 6982 results 定住者{ていじゅうしゃ} teijūsha 19 results ...


5

コーヒー割り “split / divided coffee” No, it is コーヒー modifying 割り, not the other way around. Japanese is left-branching in an almost completely consistent way. Keeping that meaning of 割る, it would be “split / divided by/with coffee”. As others have explained, 割る here means dilute, by which you reach the expected meaning.


5

I didn't know of 泡盛 until I looked it up just now in Wikipedia but I think 〜割り is often used when you dilute a drink (probably alcoholic like 泡盛)with something else. The one I am most familiar with is ウイスキー水割り, which is whiskey diluted with iced water, often ordered by salary-men in hostess/entertainment clubs/old-fashioned Karaoke bars. In your case it ...


5

お忘れなく means 忘れずに or 忘れないで, don't forget. It's the negative form of an honorific form of 忘れる. Here is the definition of お/ご~ある/ない in the dictionary: ある 動詞の連用形や動作性の漢語名詞などに付いて、多く「お…ある」「御(ご)…ある」の形で、その動作をする人に対する尊敬を表す。「おいで―・れ」「御笑覧―・れ」 More examples: お忘れなく -> 忘れないで お構いなく -> 構わないで ご遠慮なく -> 遠慮しないで ご心配なく -> 心配しないで お咎めなく -> 咎めないで お見逃しなく -> ...


5

There are various agent suffixes or just plain nouns that get used in Japanese, as opposed to the one straightforward -er suffix in English. You've mentioned a few, but all with the on'yomi -- the kun'yomi get used too for at least the following: 手 shu in on'yomi compounds, te in kun'yomi compounds 選手 senshu -- "chosen hand" → player chosen to be on a ...


4

I don't think this is a very good question but rather than ignore it, I will try to explain why in an answer. First let's confirm what you are asking: Grammatically "i-adjectives" and "na-adjectives" can combine with そう to form new na-adjectives which decribe how a situation seems (as opposed to actually is). Examples include: おいしい ー> おいしそう(な)|delicious ...


4

The さん doesn't really change the meaning, it can usually mean both the shop or the person with or without the さん. The difference is really at the level of connotations. A 本屋さん could be a more local, smaller shop than the big 本屋, or it could also be that the speaker likes to add さん to make words sound a bit softer or cuter.


4

The way I've heard it used can be for either the store itself, or the store's owner/manager/etc.


4

I must be missing something obvious, but the article doesn't make sense to me As far as I know, an immigrant as an individual person is ijūsha. The Toronto Japanese Community Association refers to itself as 新移住者協会, for instance (http://torontonjca.com/). The term imin, to my understanding, generally refers to migration or immigration itself, rather than the ...


3

Sama (様【さま】) is a markedly more respectful version of san. It is used mainly to refer to people much higher in rank than oneself, toward one's guests or customers (such as a sports venue announcer addressing members of the audience), and sometimes toward people one greatly admires and can be used for either gender. See the Wikipedia article Japanese ...


3

Firstly, I searched Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ, http://www.kotonoha.gr.jp/shonagon) and all results were either そうさ (as in そうだよ) ごち そうさ ま そうさ せる and its conjugations. Here is why I think ~そう+さ as you suggested cannot exist. It would consist of two parts, where ~さ is describing a quality, an objective fact about ...


3

The linguist Kunio Nishiyama analyzes the 連用形 of a verb as its stem, plus an epenthetic vowel -i in the case of consonant-stem verbs. This makes sense because: It appears with consonant-stem verbs, e.g. between the root hur- and the suffix -sou (振りそう). It does not appear with vowel-stem verbs, e.g. between the root mi- and the suffix -sou (見そう). It does ...


3

「お寿司屋{すしや}さん」 is composed of 「お」,「寿司{すし}」,「屋{や}」 and 「さん」. Here, 「屋{や}」 is affixed to the name of some merchandise (「寿司{すし}」「魚{さかな}」「石{いし}」 etc.) or service (「クリーニング」「修理{しゅうり}」 etc.) to mean: A shop selling the merchandise or providing the service or all those shops as a whole The owner of a shop selling the merchandise or providing the service When ...


2

~号 appears to be used in cases where the animal's name is formally registered in some way, like with show dogs, and also with working animals such as police dogs. This name may not be the normal name of the animal, just as in English with show dogs that have a registered name and a day to day name ("call name"). The 警察犬 article on Wikipedia gives a link to ...


2

I think one needs to distinguish two uses of ~そう. The one appears after a stem form, and is a derivational suffix of the na-adjectival class (NA). The other one appears after a fully inflected expression, and is thus particle (P). Here are two examples: a. その店、おいしそうだ。(NA) That shop looks tasty. (i.e. the food they sell there) b. その店、おいしいそうだ。(P) ...


1

ーさん can be used as a courtesy title to address or refer to others with certain occupations. eg: 運転手さん 肉屋さん 看護師さん The addition of the お prefix to your example is an example of お being used for politeness, as opposed to respecting the position of the listener. Reference: "Japanese for all occasions" by Taeko Kamiya, p13 & 17 In my experience, when used ...


1

For ratios, 割{わり} is also used in other contexts to mean something like "10%", extending from the meaning of "split". So 十割そば are noodles that are 10 x 10% buckwheat, i.e. 100% buckwheat. 七割そば would be 70% buckwheat (the rest usually made up of wheat). For beverages, other kinds of 割 include: コーラ割り, like rum and coca cola 牛乳割り, like milk and brandy ...


1

Yes, ditto what How to Japanese said, context is king. お兄さんに食べられる [something] is eaten by elder brother お兄さんが食べられる elder brother is eaten [by something] OR elder brother can eat [something] And, as Jeemusu notes, -られる is often turned into -れる in speech and more casual writing, precisely to help clarify this difference. About tense, @How to Japanese, ...



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