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11

The biggest mistake you have made is in trusting that translation, which is not even close to the original. コケ does not mean "fool"; It is not even a noun. It is from the verb こける, which means "to trip over", "to fall down", etc. っぷり comes from ふ り, which means "the manner / way in which one performs an action". 食べっぷりがいい, for instance, means that someone ...


7

After a few minutes of murmuring to myself, I am going to say that basically, the 「~~がり[屋]{や}」 form will stand if the 「~~がり」form stands with an adjective. The naturalness and frequency of use of the 「~~がり屋」 form as an independent word look to be in direct proportion to those of its 「~~がり」form. Among the ones that might not make their way into the ...


5

「[割]{わ}る」 here means "to dilute". See meaning #II-4 in http://kotobank.jp/jeword/%E5%89%B2%E3%82%8B?dic=pje3&oid=SPJE04759100 「[泡盛]{あわもり}のコーヒー割り」 = "awamori diluted with coffee" Other common terms containing 「割り」: ウイスキーのソーダ割り/[水]{みず}割り [焼酎]{しょうちゅう}のウーロン[茶]{ちゃ}割り


5

コーヒー割り “split / divided coffee” No, it is コーヒー modifying 割り, not the other way around. Japanese is left-branching in an almost completely consistent way. Keeping that meaning of 割る, it would be “split / divided by/with coffee”. As others have explained, 割る here means dilute, by which you reach the expected meaning.


4

I didn't know of 泡盛 until I looked it up just now in Wikipedia but I think 〜割り is often used when you dilute a drink (probably alcoholic like 泡盛)with something else. The one I am most familiar with is ウイスキー水割り, which is whiskey diluted with iced water, often ordered by salary-men in hostess/entertainment clubs/old-fashioned Karaoke bars. In your case it ...


3

The linguist Kunio Nishiyama analyzes the 連用形 of a verb as its stem, plus an epenthetic vowel -i in the case of consonant-stem verbs. This makes sense because: It appears with consonant-stem verbs, e.g. between the root hur- and the suffix -sou (振りそう). It does not appear with vowel-stem verbs, e.g. between the root mi- and the suffix -sou (見そう). It does ...


2

~号 appears to be used in cases where the animal's name is formally registered in some way, like with show dogs, and also with working animals such as police dogs. This name may not be the normal name of the animal, just as in English with show dogs that have a registered name and a day to day name ("call name"). The 警察犬 article on Wikipedia gives a link to ...



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