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That would be 「ペンがある。」 100% of the time. 「ペンがある。」 (= "There is a pen.") is a statement about 'what is there' or 'what the speaker has just found at a particular location". It is not a statement that gives some kind of description about either pens in general or a particular pen. If you desire to make a further statement about the pen after you have found ...


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I feel that the distinctions between は and が are one of the hardest parts to learn about the Japanese language, so I'll try to keep things mostly focused on this example. ペンはある Here "は” marks ”ペン" as a "topic", rather a "subject", but what that really translates into is a feeling of: There is a pen (but there isn't a ....) This is because that ...



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