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24

What Lyle said is true―you'll want to practice a lot. It's much easier to recognize words and phrases you're used to hearing, not just used to reading. That means ear training, and there's no way around it! Still, we can look at some facts about Japanese pronunciation. I'm a non-native speaker, and one of the trickiest things for a non-native speaker to ...


6

感じ(だ) is more colloquial than 感じがする, but I would say they're also slightly different. 感じだ doesn't necessarily have something to do with feelings, e.g. そんな感じ(だ) (It's) something like that Likewise 恋した時ってどんな感じなんですか could be asking about other circumstances than feelings, although feelings would be an obvious topic when talking about love: "What's it ...


6

snailboat has already provided an excellent response, but I'd like to share an online resource that's pretty useful when trying to figure out the pitch accents of any given text. Just stick your Japanese text into Prosody Tutor Suzuki-kun, tweak the settings as you see fit, hit "analyze", and you'll see a rather accurate pitch analysis of the input text. ...


6

Nothing is either wrong or dialectal about 「[誘]{さそ}えていないんだ。」. It sounds 100% natural and it would be said all over the country. It is your 「誘いていないんか。」 that is incorrect. There is no such conjugation as 「誘いて」 in standard Japanese. The correct form is 「誘って」 for the plain and 「誘えて」 for the potential. 「[誘]{さそ}えていないんだ。」 means: "(You) have not been ...


5

「そいつあ」 is a colloquial pronunciation of 「そいつは」. This is most common among male speakers around Tokyo in their informal speech. It is not something they would use in school or business.   Particle 「は」 is often pronounced like 「あ」 in other areas as well when combined with certain words in informal situations. For example: 「それは」("That is ~~.") ⇒ 「そりゃあ」 or ...


5

The 'あ' is a kind of intornation of 'は' in Edo, where is now called as Tokyo. It sounds a little old fashioned and very frank situation. Often, I hear it in Rakugo.


4

けど is the short form of けれども, which could be written け(れ)ど(も), because all of けれども, けれど, けども, けど are used. けども is what, in my experience, is often used in a half formal, half informal setting. It is more refined than けど, but not quite as stiff as けれども.


4

You probably heard ってば, which is a contraction of と言えば. From 大辞林: てば (「と言えば」の転。[...] 「ん」で終わる語に付く場合以外は、すべて「ってば」の形をとる) 一 [...] 二 (終助) 文末にあって種々の語に付く。じれったい気持ちをこめて、呼びかけるのに用いる。「お母さん、はやくっ—」「はやく来ないと、行列が過ぎちゃうっ—」 The keywords here are じれったい (impatient) and 呼びかける (call out to so.). The nuance of trying to "convince the listener of something" only ...


3

I've heard it a few times myself and the subtitles do tend to either spell out the English letters or break up the syllables. While the characters of many languages (including Romance, Germanic, and Semitic languages) have names, the same is not true of Japanese, Chinese, or other Asiatic languages. Characters will sometimes break up their speech in anime ...


3

そういうこと = 彩葉さんが、誘いを断って帰っていったという結果・状況。


3

どゆこと is a shortening of どういうこと. 言う is often pronounced ゆう and the ゆ appears in all sorts of inflections of いう, like ゆえない for いえない or ゆって for いって etc. TV subtitles often use spellings that are supposed to reflect words as they might be spoken, like どゆこと or やってます for やっています or やだ for いやだ. In the case of どゆこと it conveys maybe a little extra surprise, because ...


3

In my experience, the nature of the relationship and the nature of the communication are both important for knowing when/how to use the plain form and to knowing what the use of plain form signals. In written workplace communication, I never see plain form (I work at a university). In written personal communications (things like Facebook or IM), I rarely ...


3

けれども is a contradictory conjugation expressing something along the lines of "but" or "however." The ど/ども part in this expression is the part that expresses the contradiction. By a means of shortening one's speech (through laziness, etc.) the different forms came into usage. The shortening is analogous to contractions in English (cannot -> can't). As such, ...


2

Japanese is not as tonal of a language as English with its rhythmic iambic pentameter (English is said to be "a stress-timed language") or Chinese (Japanese does have some tones, such as kami [paper] vs. kami [god] vs. kami [hair] or hashi [bridge] and hashi [chopsticks]). In English, emphasis is often accomplished by changing the tonal stress of the ...


2

In my personal experience, the transition from polite to plain form is done spontaneously, specifically if you are of the same age level or same position (at work). A month or two after your introduction, you may switch to plain form if there are no inhibitions from your part of any kind, or you have done a milestone together (project closure, etc) . ...


2

You are mostly on the right track. Those would not, however, be called "indirect quotes" if the words were not uttered in the first place. "Interpretation" is a good word for it as the 「~~」 part of 「~~というのなら」 is only what the speaker "assumes" to be true ; He did not "hear" it. 「というのなら」 is close to "if that is the case", "if that is what it means" in ...


2

It is definition 5-㋑. 「[上手]{うま}いモンでしょう」 is, in my own words, an "exclamatory rhetorical question". = "Looks awesome, doesn't it?" The "statement" form using this 「もん」 would be 「上手いもんだ/もんです」. So, 「モン」 does not refer to the scribble itself.


2

Yes, saying those as the very first word after the stimulus is very common even in real life. 痛【いた】っ! 痛たたた… いててて… 寒【さむ】っ! 臭【くさ】っ! 熱【あつ】っ! 熱つつつ… あちちち… うるさっ! 汚【きたな】っ! 痒【かゆ】っ! 旨【うま】っ! We don't say 寒むむむむ or 臭ささささ for some reason... perhaps because they're difficult to pronounce? And as you can see in the last example, you can sometimes ...


1

Yes. But there are many, many variations as you might have guessed. For example, あっつっ!instead of あつっ!and so on. There are also regional differences. For certain regions in Japan, さむい is spoken さぶい。 So, さぶっ!


1

Interesting discussion. It has been a while since I lived in the land of the rising sun (1973-79). My language skills (although greatly deteriorated with age:-)) were gleaned from the surfing and farming types from Miura Hanto. I always used naruhdo in the context of "interesting" or "oh, I see". For example, if I had no bottle opener and someone shows ...


1

Whenever it feels right. This is probably not the answer you were looking for, so here are my observations: If it's anything work related, or official, you stick to the polite language, no matter how well you know the person you are talking to. As soon as you are doing something else in your private life, let's say having a beer together, it's okay to use ...


1

I think there's a lot of variation between speakers. Even as a foreigner at a university, I have met various types of speakers: never use teineigo at all, even though I'm clearly older people who use keigo for a few minutes and switch when I reply in casual form (most common) people who use keigo for weeks, and say it's uncomfortable to use casual form ...


1

I would say 私に厳しくしてください (but do you really want someone to be strict with you?)



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