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14

First, 「おっしゃい」 is the imperative form of the verb 「[仰]{おっしゃ}る」」, which is the honorific form of 「[言]{い}う」. 「うそおっしゃい。」 means exactly the opposite of what it means literally. It always means "Don't lie (to me)!" A more common form is: 「うそつけ!」, which also literally means "Tell a lie!", actually means "Don't lie!" 100% of the time. The nuance of ...


13

Cross-linguistically, grammatical words like に and で are often unpredictable or idiosyncratic, and you can't always explain them logically. For example, in English, we say arrive at but not *arrive to. And we say Welcome to X but not *Welcome at X. Why? No reason. It's arbitrary. It seems like the alternatives should be just as logical, but for some ...


10

When you use "say" or "言う", the content of the speech is the most important. The existence of the physical sound/voice is not usually important, nor necessary. Dictionaries say so. 彼はブログで、そう言っていた。(≒彼のブログに、そう書いてあった。) On the other hand, when we use "声が出る" (intransitive) or "声を出す" (transitive), the existence of the physical sound is the most ...


10

(すごく古い質問ですが、偶然見つけたので) Although the number is small, there seems to be some "英製和語" (an English word of Japanese-origin, that has a significantly different meaning from the original Japanese word): Tycoon (大君【たいくん】 in Japanese is a dated word for shogun, not a businessperson) Hibachi (Japanese 火鉢【ひばち】 is a heating device and not used for cooking) Satsuma ...


10

The most common reply among us native speakers would be a simple 「ありがとうございます。」. 「はい」 would sound pretty strange. You could say 「はい、ありがとうございます。」, though.


9

「それが人生」, while everyone will understand it, does sound pretty "translated". You will probably hear it more often in fiction than in real life. Thing is 「人生」 is a bigger word for us than "life" is for you. When we talk about an "everyday" kind of life, we use 「[生活]{せいかつ}」 or 「[暮]{く}らし」, not 「人生」. 「人生」 sounds more long-term and philosophical, which is ...


8

I believe [無駄足]{むだあし} is derived from [無駄足]{むだあし}を[運]{はこ}ぶ ("move one's feet in vain"), which is one of a series of counterintuitive idioms Japanese vocabulary has. [小腹]{こばら}が[減]{へ}る "little stomach get empty" actually describing "be a little hungry" (cf. [腹]{はら}が[減]{へ}る "be hungry") [大]{おお}ぼらを[吹]{ふ}く "blow on a big conch" actually, "blow on a conch ...


7

会社の名前{なまえ} consists of two nouns, one describing the other. The one with の is in genitive case which is used to indicate possession in this case. It's roughly equivalent to 's or of in English: company's name or the name of the company (both are translated to 会社の名前). Note that 名前 is a native Japanese word and it uses kun-yomi reading of the kanji in this ...


7

The word you are looking for is すなわち and should be in every dictionary. It means "therefore"/"namely".


7

あける (明ける in kanji) here is an intransitive verb which basically means to finish, to change to a new state, etc. According to 大辞林: あける【明ける・空ける・開ける】 二(自動詞) ①夜が終わって朝になり,あたりが明るくなる。 《明》 ↔ 暮れる 「夜(よ)が-・ける」 ②時間が経過して次の新しい年・日や季節が始まる。主語を示すことはない。 《明》 ↔ 暮れる 「 - ・けて八月二日,いよいよ頂上をめざす日だ」 ③ある特別の状態の期間が終わって,普通の状態に戻る。おわる。 《明》 「長かった梅雨(つゆ)がようやく-・けた」 「喪(も)が-・ける」 ...


6

If you are saying good-bye to someone to whom you have just made a request, yes, you can say 「どうぞよろしくお[願]{ねが}いいたします。それでは、[失礼]{しつれい}いたします。」  We often say EXACTLY that in business settings. Quite a few adult speakers would actually speak like that even in non-business occasions, but even for those people, the phrase would be too formal to use with close ...


6

「公園に行ったならば、何しようか?」 is unnatural, and the main reason is that 「~しよう」 means "Let's ~", referring to something someone is actually going to do right now or in the near future. Instead, expressions like 「何をしますか?」 or 「何をして/どうやって過ごしますか?」 will do. Basically this type of question is asked without any if-clause: いつも公園では何をして過ごしますか? ふだん公園ですることは何ですか? When you ...


6

All of them are syntactically correct, but they are semantically strange as explained below. Depending on the situation, もらう may not be polite enough. いただく will be even more polite. In the second one, 泊める is just about the night, so it is unnatural to mention 8日から9日まで, which means the whole two days (unless you are talking about both nights of 8日 and 9日, ...


5

「よい夢を」 is the normal* way of saying "Sweet dreams" not just in emails or instant messages but also in conversations or letters. As Kokoroatari says, 「よい年を」is also common, and is the normal way of wishing someone a happy new year. While it's true that it's a contraction (probably of 「よい夢をみてください」), the short version is more natural. In English, instead of ...


5

I don't think there are any call-and-response jokes in Japanese, which is sort of an important feature of knock-knock jokes. As for jokes, which follow a particular pattern, there are simple plays on words, which everyone knows and which involve two words or phrases, which are (at least quasi-)homophones, usually at the beginning and at the end of a ...


5

僕は1つXXを持っています。 俺は1つXXを持っている。 The latter sounds more casual and masculine because of the use of 俺 and the casual form いる.


4

Both of those work with a little fixing. 何日でも泊まってもいい 泊まりたいだけ泊まってもいい or 好きなだけ泊まってもいい Hell, throw it all together and you can sound like a super welcoming friend lol. 何日でも好きなだけ泊まってくれ!


3

"Chi" is a pretty common morpheme but seldom used as a word, except in certain fossilized phrases. "Ichi" is unambiguously an independent word. So they are different in that respect. I would call it a qualitative difference; others may disagree. Whether that difference is sufficient to allow one as a Wiktionary entry but reject the other depends on ...


3

Just as the English "A as B" is not symmetrical, so is Japanese "BとしてのA." B is the usage/disguise. A is the object to be used. 分詞としての形容詞や副詞をよく使えば does not make sense. 形容詞や副詞としての分詞をよく使えば would be a better translation for your English sentence. However, it is unnatural to fit everything into a noun. It is far more natural to use an adverbial expression ...


3

Does "as best can be predicted" mean something like "as far as one can predict" or "in the foreseeable future"? If so, I think your native speaker got it wrong. Try these instead: 予見【よけん】可能な範囲で、 予測可能な範囲で、 予測できる限り、 Xできる範囲で、X可能な限り = as far as one can do X Xできるほど = to the point where one can do X, so that one can do X So 目に見えるほど literally ...


3

To choose between the two sentences, the first one is much better by the native standards. However, 「何ヶ日」 sounds very awkward. 「[何日]{なんにち}」 is the correct word. You can also say 「[何ヶ月]{なんかげつ}」 if you guys are talking long-term, but not 「何ヶ日」, which is probably why I, a native speaker, do not know how to read it. Your second sentence is incorrect because ...


3

The expressions that I think would retain the sarcasm are : 「[間一髪]{かんいっぱつ}。」 or 「間一髪だったね。」 「[危機一髪]{ききいっぱつ}。」 or 「危機一髪だったね。」 A slightly less natural (and more literally translated) phrase would be : 「[危機回避]{ききかいひ}したね。」


3

I'm guessing the phrase you're referring to is 無理しないでください and its variants. For example, you'd say this when you make a request of someone and realize that it might be a large undertaking or inconvenience, and you want to express that the person you are asking doesn't need to go to such troubles for your sake. More generally, you would use this phrase when ...


3

From what I gather, the connotation of the English phrase "Dead men tell no tales" is the latter -- "It's safe to kill everyone who knows the secret". Am I right? That's not the primary meaning of Japanese 死人に口なし, although it looks very similar. As your teacher said, this should be understood as "You can easily accuse a dead person, even unjustly, because ...


2

English uses specific verb forms (past subjunctive / would) to express unlikely/counterfactual conditionals. Japanese doesn't have this feature, so if you want to stress the unlikeliness, you need to express it in other ways, for example with adverbials like もし or 仮に 仮に公園に行ったならば、何する? What would you do if you went to the park? 仮に公園に行ったならば、何した? What ...


2

会社{かいしゃ}の名前{なまえ} is grammatically fine, and while compound nouns are sometimes formed by simply eliminating the の particle (e.g.,本{ほん}の棚{たな} -> 本棚{ほんだな} or 勉強{べんきょう}の不足{ふそく} -> 勉強不足{べんきょうぶそく}), in this case the word you are looking for is: 会社名{かいしゃめい} (the on-yomi of 名 is generally used in compound nouns and has the same meaning as 名前{なまえ} as a whole: name). ...


2

One of the uses of the の particle (that you will learn early on in Japanese) is to show possession. "Company Name" is the same as "Company's Name". Company's Name = 会社の名前


2

Suggestion (1) sounds correct: 夢 is typically used with the verb 見る and the particles を or に: 母のことを夢に見た | I saw my mother in a dream 父に会った夢を見た | I dreamt that I met my father So, as you suggest in (1), the verb in よい夢を is probably 見る. The よい_を construction is used with other words. よい週末を comes to mind. In that case the verb would be something like ...


2

目に見える (lit. visible to the eye) is similar in meaning to just 見える, but tends to be used for "visibility" in general, whereas 見える tends to be used for specific cases of "somebody can see something". 目に見えるほど、景気が悪くなっているようです。It seems that economic conditions have gotten visibly worse. (worse to a visible extent) is a perfect sentence, but isn't a very good ...


2

The particle construction ~(な)のに expresses the adversative, i.e. in English (al)though, even though, etc. The の in ~のに and ~なのに is a suffix that functions as a nominalizer. の turns any inflected expression into a noun, and なの does the some for expressions that cannot be inflected. This happens in order to make the attachment of grammatical markers possible ...



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