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3

Today, きゅう is the default (i.e. productive) on-yomi pronunciation of 九 (or 9) for counting most things, and only a small portion of words requires く. Always: hours (o'clock) (9時, 19時), dates (19日, 29日), month name (9月) Preferred or alternative to きゅう: hours (duration) (9時間, 19時間...), years (9年(間), 2009年...), people (9人, 19人...), degree (29度, 39度...), bare ...


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Generally speaking, there is no hard rule to decide which reading of a kanji is used for a given word or compound. To be certain, you need to look it up in a dictionary and remember each word on a case-by-case basis. However, there are certain tendencies that allow you to guess, better than by random guessing, which reading to use for a certain kanji. To ...


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A single Kanji usually has several different readings, and numbers 1-10 are probably some of the most salient examples of this. The readings can vary wildly. For example, 九{きゅう} (nine) 九本{きゅうほん} (nine bottles) 九番{きゅうばん} (problem number 9) 九時{くじ} (nine o'clock) 九月{くげつ} (September -- 9th month) 九日{ここのか} (the 9th day of the month) 九つ{ここの} (nine objects that ...


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Is there a rule to this? Yes! The rule is 9時 is always くじ. (And similarly, 9月 "September" is always くがつ. Cf. 9ヶ月 きゅうかげつ "nine months".)


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塩田{えんでん} - Google Image Search


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There are a few 田 words which use the デン reading. Each of them is a kind of field or plantation. 水田 is すいでん (paddy field) (でんすい sounds like a typo), 油田 is ゆでん (oil field) and 桑田 is そうでん (mulberry field). The 水 in 水田 is present because it's a water-filled (irrigated) paddy field. Source - Both Google and Obenkyo (android app)


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Well, the pronunciation of kanji can be really irregular. In many cases the only thing we can do is to remember them one by one. I think the second explaination in @isayamag post is right. In http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%BB%98%E5%96%AA%E7%A5%9E, 「付喪」自体は当て字で、正しくは「九十九」と書き、この九十九は「長い時間(九十九年)や経験」「多種多様な万物(九十九種類)」などを象徴… It says that 九十九 means so many ...


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I looked up in my etymology dictionary (小学館's 日本語源大辞典) :) The answer goes like this: つくも was originally a name of a kind of plant (modern standard name: フトイ; English name is softstem bulrush or great bulrush according to Wikipedia). A compound word つくもがみ < つくも + かみ "disheveled white hair (especially of old women)" was coined, because of its ...


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先に in your example is definitely read as 「さきに」. There are two reasons we couldn't pronounce it 「せんに」. [先]{せん} is almost obsolete as an independent word, merely remains inside a few compounds (ex. [先立って]{せんだって} "the other day, in advance", [先手]{せんて} "being the player that moves first, forstallment"). [先]{せん} only has a meaning as "beforehand", but not ...



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