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ソウル is the pronunciation given in the NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典, but both pronunciations are in use; some speakers pronounce it ソール instead. From The Sounds of Japanese (Vance 2008), pages 67-68: Katakana spellings of recent borrowings and foreign proper names with ウ (u) instead of ー (the length mark) do represent /ou/, but these are rare; Souru ソウル 'Seoul' in ...


3

Today, きゅう is the default (i.e. productive) on-yomi pronunciation of 九 (or 9) for counting most things, and only a small portion of words requires く. Always: hours (o'clock) (9時, 19時), dates (19日, 29日), month name (9月) Preferred or alternative to きゅう: hours (duration) (9時間, 19時間...), years (9年(間), 2009年...), people (9人, 19人...), degree (29度, 39度...), bare ...


1

They both mean the same of course, and there is plenty of info you can find explaining that ゆく is an older version. In addition, I have found that ゆく tends to be a more informal version of いく. Perhaps ゆく is also easier to pronounce than いく. I don't hold any data, but FWIW, I think ゆく is used more often than いく is conversation.



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