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I'm Japanese native speaker. In my opinion, little "っ" at the end of sentence is not pronounced at all. However, it often indicates "small" (not so serious) emotions of speaker, I'll show you some example, comparing with other two expressions for writing: 01. ふざけんなよっ 02. ふざけんなよ… 03. ふざけるなよ! (All sentences mean "Don't be silly") As you see, first sentence is ...


The most reasonable interpretation in this context is that ∞ stands for 無限大{むげんだい} ("infinity"), in other words, "incalculable(-y large)". ∞ったのは in the second line is, with high probability, a mistype for ∞ってのは (contraction of っていうのは = というのは). With this correction you can read the sentence through as "(Why I wrote) the sign ∞ is for it means..."


Really the pitch accent for each word depends on dialects, but in general it's not actually so hard to understand when somebody talks with different pitch accents, so maybe that's why many textbooks and dictionaries don't write much about the accent for each words. I was born in Tokyo but had army service in Hokkaido, there people refered to me as ...


Your ears aren't fooling you, but it's not 'mochirong' (with a velar sound as in the English sing). When ん comes on the end of a phrase, it can either be pronounced as nasalization and elongation of the previous vowel, or as a uvular nasal (pronounced in the back of the throat). You use an alveolar nasal before た、な、ざ(but not さ) column kana. Take care that ...


開く actually can be one of two words: 開く{あく} and 開く{ひらく}. These are separate words that have slightly different meanings (but they both typically translate to 'open'). It seems you were thinking of the former, あく, but you actually found the latter, ひらく.


Here is what I know as an average, non-linguist and non-teacher dude walking down the street. If, by "complex rules", you refer to more complex ones than these below, I wish one of the experts here would post an answer. By the way, the nasal sound we are discussing here is called 「鼻濁音{びだくおん}」 in case someone did not know. "Nose-muddy-sound", literally. ...

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