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6

「来年【らいねん】日本へ行【い】くと言いました」 can mean (but is not limited to): I said I will go to Japan next year. He/she said he/she will go to Japan next year. I said he/she will go to Japan next year. (ie, I told someone else that he/she will go to Japan) You said you will go to Japan next year. (a bit hard to think of a context where this interpretation is suitable, but ...


4

You have to guess, based on what is most likely the intended meaning. Let's try to translate literally as much as possible and I'll try to demonstrate what I mean... For the two examples that you gave: 日本{にほん}に行{い}ったら日本語{にほんご}を習{なら}う when go to Japan / will learn Japanese トマトやりんごを投{な}げた threw tomatoes and apples In English, these ...



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