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5

Basically, the casual form is ~だからだ and its polite form is ~だからです. e.g. ネコだからだ(よ)。 人間だからです。 坊やだからさ。 The から is a 接続助詞(conjunctive particle), definition #1 in デジタル大辞泉: 2⃣ [接助]活用語の終止形に付く。 1 理由・原因を表す。「もう遅いから帰ろう」 (attached to the predicative form of 活用語. 1. indicates a reason or cause.) The から needs to be attached to the predicative form such ...


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This is one of those funny nuance things. It's got little to do with grammar and more to do with how it feels to say that. If I wanted to sound condescending I'd say it like that, though I guess to get that effect tone of voice is also important. You would never in a million years say desukara desu. That just doesn't work. 9 times out of 10 you would just ...


1

Xさんにご[連絡]{れんらく}の[上]{うえ}で[帰宅]{きたく}[致]{いた}しました。 I think that "and" shows the reason why you went home. Exactly, the way of ~して is a obscure conjunction. In the case of ~したい: ご挨拶したかったです。 →ご挨拶できず申し訳ありません。 I feel that is a speaker's own desire. In the case of objective expression: ご挨拶したく思いました。 Those are not altogether false, but I think ...


3

I think 尊敬語 and 謙譲語 can be used in the て form and たい form. To say "I called X and went home" in 謙譲語, I think you could probably say like... Xさんにご連絡申し上げて、帰らせていただきました。 Xさんに連絡させていただいて(orさせていただき)、帰宅いたしました。/ 失礼いたしました。 etc... For "I wanted to greet you" in 謙譲語, I think you could say like... ご挨拶申し上げたかったです。 ご挨拶させていただきたかったです。 etc... ...


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I am sorry to say, I am not able yet to grasp your intention basically, but what I can point out is.... Ex. To say "I called X and went home." - Xさんに連絡いたして、お帰りしました。 sounds very strange, because 1 I am not sure if you are trying to "report" you action to "someone else other than you". Plus, since your action, going home is described as "お帰りしました”  , ...


2

If you are using it during conversation and the other person can identify which object you are referring, you can use: いくらですか。 If you want to make it more respectful or more formal, you can ask: おいくらですか。 If you are talking on phone, or there are so many things you can talk about, it will be confusing for that person what exactly you re asking ...



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