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Rhyme hasn't had much presence through the history of Japanese poetry, so you can say that Japanese poetry is virtually built on blank verses. The underlying meter of traditional Japanese poetry style, or 和歌 (waka) is, as @user4092 has pointed out, the repetition of 5-7 cycles based on quadruple measures. The word 短歌 (tanka; 5-7-5-7-7) literally means ...


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The 5-7-5 pattern is musically perceived as 5 quavers, 3 eighth rests, 7 quavers, one eighth rest and 5 quavers, making the 4/4 rhythm. example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lps7EaIPEAA


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Some haiku do not strictly follow the 5-7-5 pattern. Irregular haiku with one more or less morae than usual are called 字余り or 字足らず, respectively. Some haiku even ignore the 5-7-5 rule completely (See 自由律俳句). Wikipedia says 一茶's haiku do have many variations: ...


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This is a complete guess, but I upon searching my dictionary in OSX, I find the entry 親し with readings of したし and ちかし. So maybe it is either of those written without the okurigana to "haiku-ify" it? Like [親]{したし}. Plus, the し ending gives it a more classical feel. われときて・あそぶしたしの・ないすずめ



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