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5

There is no word for 'it'. Japanese is a very contextual language and the 'it' will be inferred from context. To take some of your examples, if you are walking down the street and you say "it's cold" your friend will know what you mean without talking about weather. The 'it' adds absolutely no new/useful information. Similarly, if you say 寒{さむ}いですね your ...


2

If you are using it during conversation and the other person can identify which object you are referring, you can use: いくらですか。 If you want to make it more respectful or more formal, you can ask: おいくらですか。 If you are talking on phone, or there are so many things you can talk about, it will be confusing for that person what exactly you re asking ...



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