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6

This one can be beautifully summarized by a simple quote from wiktionary: 語源[編集] どう、いたし・まし・て<「どう(どのように、何を)」+「いたす(「する」の謙譲語)」+「ます(丁寧語を造る助動詞)」+「て(反問的用法の終助詞)」)。 「何を、したというわけでもありませんよ(だから、気になさらないでください)」の意 It's fairly self explanatory, but to give a breakdown in english: どう = どのように いたす = する in humble language ます is the polite verb ending, but in te ...


6

In your example, 日本人の知らない is a relative clause, equivalent in meaning to 日本人が知らない. This clause as a whole modifies 日本語, so it means the Japanese that Japanese people don't know. In relative clauses, the subject particle が can be replaced with の: ジョンが買った本 ジョンの買った本 The book John bought This is true in double-subject constructions as ...


6

It's just standard GA-NO conversion. [日本人が知らない]日本語 'Japanese that [Japanese don't know]'


5

I think the colloquial way (and most common way) is: 頭が痛い。 Or even more colloquially dropping が: 頭痛いよ。 Please note that 痛い is an i-adjective so 「頭が痛いだ。」 is not correct. This can be used for other body parts too. I think that the confusion is because in English there are words for some of the "aches" which you often use, like "headache" or ...


4

(I was just about to do a little research before answering this when I was delighted to see a citation to another answer from me to a different question: Where does the phrase 「ノリが悪い」 come from and what is the meaning?) Rather than repeat this answer, I think it is enough to say that you have the equivalent expression in English and, as often happens, we ...


4

In casual conversation I think you can say: A: (前は)どこ(orどこの会社)にいたの?/いたんですか。 B: ((ずっと)前(は))IBMにいた/いました。あと、BestBuyにもいた/いました/いたことがあります。etc. ... using the verb いる(居る), or A: (前は)どこに(orどこの会社に/どこに仕事(に)/仕事(は)どこ(に))行ってたの?/行ってたんですか。 B: ((ずっと)前(は))IBMに行ってた/行ってました。あと、BestBuyにも行ってた/行ってました/行ってたことがあります。etc. ... using the verb 行く. Of course you can say: ...


4

〜で働いた is fine for literally "worked at". But I more often hear 〜に[勤]{つと}める meaning "employed for/by 〜"; usually in the 〜ている form ("am currently employed for/by 〜"). In this case, I think you'd just use the simple past tense. IBMに勤めたことがある。そして、BestBuyにも。 Also, see this post about a unique employment situation: Employed by one institution but work for ...


4

There are a couple of reasons for this. One part is that [万]{まん} is the the point in the scale where things start looping (much like how in English we group by sets of three 0s, Japanese does it by groups of 4). As such, it in many ways behaves like a counter. Therefore, much like you wouldn't just say [匹]{ひき} to refer to a single dog, you don't say ...


4

The しており in this particular sentence is certainly not 謙譲語 because the speaker is not talking about himslef. Rather, he is talking about ロシア軍. One uses 謙譲語 to indirectly show respect to the listener by speaking humbly about himself. In news reporting, as you stated, there is no need or expectation of the use of any kind of 敬語. In this case, しており is simply ...


4

You have a couple choices: 頭が痛い   (not ×頭が痛いだ) 頭痛がする I basically agree with Szymon's answer that 頭が痛い is more colloquial and all-around more common. You can use either phrase, though. (You can make it more colloquial yet by omitting the particle が.) Adding だ to adjectives like 痛い is nonstandard. To make these more polite, use 頭が痛いです or 頭痛がします.


3

This may serve as an interesting read. It seems to be a list of the license plate numbers that people wanted, sorted in order of frequency. Unfortunately, frequency lists are very difficult to find because they require large amounts of information to be accurate and few people have the resources to gather and subsequently analyze that information.


3

やすみ means vacation or holiday. おやすみ is usually said to mean おやすみなさい, which means "good night". I don't know what the ちゃー part means. Can you provide more context (or the whole tweet itself)?


3

"Chi" is a pretty common morpheme but seldom used as a word, except in certain fossilized phrases. "Ichi" is unambiguously an independent word. So they are different in that respect. I would call it a qualitative difference; others may disagree. Whether that difference is sufficient to allow one as a Wiktionary entry but reject the other depends on ...


2

I think it is 春だもの。 春だもん。 (≒春だから。) said in an archaic way or in 役割語-老人語 (or maybe in a regional dialect).


2

This さん is the same one as adding it after someone's name. But a more polite version is ご苦労様【く・ろう・さま】. Here it is being used in a familiar setting, so they use さん instead. There are several topics on this site regarding ご苦労様, so I suggest looking at those as well. As far as meaning, さん is a contraction of さま, but I don't believe さん・さま being applied to ...


2

Shogakukan's Kokugo Dai Jiten Dictionary states: カルタ賭博から出た語 A term from card gambling The entry also gives 一{いち}か六{ろく}か as a synonym. This version may be more obviously related to dice gambling, but as mentioned in the discussion at http://gogen-allguide.com/i/ichikabachika.html, the 一 and 八 (or 六) here may not directly indicate the numbers, and ...


2

We native Japanese speakers sometimes say どんぐりの実 to mean どんぐり/acorn, probably carelessly and incorrectly, especially in an informal context. (Maybe because we use the broad term どんぐりの木 for ブナ(beech?), ナラ(Japanese oak?), [樫]{かし}(evergreen oak?), クヌギ(sawtooth oak?), etc., and think mistakenly that there should be どんぐりの実 vs どんぐりの木, just like there're ブナの木 vs ...


1

The 実 here emphasizes that the writer isn't just talking about acorns, but more specifically about the meat inside the acorn. If you think about it more, it makes more sense -- the text is describing the origins of the character 白 as a symbolic rendering of the meat of the acorn nut, in reference to the off-white color. The text here can't be talking about ...


1

I think the only way for it to be あれが and make sense is if it's in response to some question. Although that would be emphasizing the that in "That must be it". 何が一番偉いものなんだ? → What's the best/greatest one (thing)? あれが! → That one (is)! / That must be it! If you're sure the pronunciation isn't だ, there's a slight possibility they could be saying ...



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