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6

Think about it this way. When you have a verb, it has certain 'slots' that have to be filled with nouns. 食べる, being a transitive verb, has two slots - subject and object. である also has two slots (though it's not a transitive verb, it's a special kind of thing) - subject and predicate. We've got three nouns here (これ, 本 and 犬), and we need to figure out how ...


0

Isn't there also a difference depending on whether the verb is transitive or intransitive? eg. 電気を消す。 Turn off the lights. 電気が消える。 Lights turn off. Intransitive verbs tend to follow ga while wo preceeds transitive.


4

It is 「ては」, not 「は」, that one needs to be looking at here. You seem to have its usage figured out, though. "Action A + ては + Action B" Action A must be in the [連用形]{れんようけい}, but Action B could be in almost any form. This format expresses the repeated sequence of two different actions. You do A, B, A, B, A, B・・・ 手あたり次第に繰りひろげては耽読した = "(I) ...



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