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「と」 here is a quotative particle used to quote 「ふん」; It is not an abbreviation of anything. 「と」, all by itself, is in its full form. It may look like 「と」 is at the beginning of the sentence, but in essence, it is the same as: 「ふん」と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服である・・・・ A direct quote, no matter how short it is, is often treated as a full line in stories, which is what ...


2

と -in the sense of A and B- and や can only be used to connect nouns or noun-phrases, but they cannot be used to connect adjectives and verbs. Therefore this sentence would be wrong: x 日本語クラスは簡単なと面白いと楽しい。 But you can say this: ○ 日本語クラスといえば、「簡単な」と「面白い」と「楽しい」という言葉を思い出す。 Regarding Japanese classes, I think of [the words] "easy/simple" and ...


2

It is indeed the conditional と but takes more of the form of 'when' rather than 'if', in a similar way to how とき is used. You'll see it used in this way quite a lot. This also means that anything before と doesn't necessarily have a cause-effect relationship. It's not because the the women was doing her laundry by the river that the peach came. ...


3

「[察]{さっ}してくれよ、とボイスくんが[僕]{ぼく}を[見]{み}る。」 Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me.")? No, it does not imply that. If ボイスくん had actually said 「察してくれよ」 out loud to 僕, the author surely would have expressed that using a direct quote just like all those direct quotes from the beginning. Besides, the ...


4

Recently, @naruto mentioned the phrase 頭が赤い魚を食べた猫, which can be understood in many ways. There is some ambiguity in how each word relates to each other. Among other possibilities, it could mean [(頭が赤い)魚]を食べた猫 (red-headed fish) [(頭が赤い)+(魚を食べた)]猫 (red-headed cat) The same applies here. Consider the following pattern: AとBとCのD As far as logic and ...


0

You usually say AとBの違い to mean "the difference between A and B" and AとBとCの違い to mean "the difference among A, B and C", and I think it would be more natural to interpret せりとレタスとキャベツの違い as "the difference of parsley, lettuce, and cabbage" than "parsley, lettuce and the difference of cabbage".



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