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8

I'm not sure what's confusing you but... Japanese often omits the subject when it's obvious from the context, so your first sentence can be read as: 『日本の中で食べ物は高い』と(私は)思う。 (I think that food is expensive in Japan.) The と is the case particle as a quotative marker. Likewise, your second sentence can be read as: 『さけおさんは酒を飲まない』と(私は)思う。 (I think ...


7

You'd say 私はスターバックスでハルカさんとコーヒーをのみました。 to mean "I drank coffee with Haruka-san at Starbucks." You'd say 私はスターバックスで紅茶とコーヒーをのみました。 to mean "I drank tea and coffee at Starbucks."


6

I am going to post a rather simplistic answer just covering the basics.  There are cases (1) where adding a 「と」 is appropriate, (2) where adding a 「と」 is inappropriate, and (3) where only adding a 「に」, not a 「と」 is appropriate. 1) When an onomatopoeia functions adverbially to modify a verb, a 「と」 is often added. In very informal speech, on the ...


6

A verb and symbols are omitted in this sentence. Read it like this: 「どのような状況下であっても、必ず十分な結果を(出したい)」と思い、 必死に過ごした3か月でした。


5

The difference between 「~~ために」 and 「~~ためにと」 can be very subtle at times; nevertheless a difference does exist. To use 「~~ために」, the speaker needs to be 100% certain of what the reason for an action is. The action-taker may be either the speaker himself or another person. If the latter is the case, the speaker already possesses enough information to ...


4

『・・・・・・』っていう[文章]{ぶんしょう}だと[良]{よ}かった The と is a conjunctive particle that, in this case, tells us that some sort of judgement will follow it based on supposition or hypothesis. Judgement: 良かった Hypothesis: 『・・・』っていう文書だと "If the phrase (or sentence) had been '・・・・', it would have been better (or great)."


4

This looks to me like a case of the conditional と, basically meaning 'if/when'. The sentence then breaks down like this: [[友人に彼女ができると]辛い] You've got 彼女ができる a bit wrong - it's not 'become a girlfriend' but rather 'get a girlfriend'. You have to figure out what 友人に is doing here, also. The '[someone] gets a girlfriend' doesn't have a marked subject or ...


4

It's the quotative particle と, i.e. 「初撃の後の陽動のために」と用意した慧による「姫」の誘拐作戦。 The actual meaning isn't much different, but gives a slight nuance that 「初撃の後の陽動のために」 are somebody else's words (e.g. 慧's), not the speaker/narrator's. I would need more context to see if this is done for a specific reason.


3

You're 90% there. Let's take your list in order, shall we? 1. Quotation Particle As you noted, if you see it followed by a verb indicating expression (思う、言う、話す, etc.) then it's being used in this manner. 2. Conditional Particle The following sentence is the way I was taught to use this one: 秋になると、葉が落ちる。 "When autumn comes, the leaves fall." In ...


3

You know what 辛【つら】い means in this context, but the interpretation of the first half of the sentence is not correct. "友人に彼女ができる" means "a friend gets a girlfriend". 友人が彼女になる My friend become a girlfriend (of me, or someone else) 彼女から友人に戻る Become from a girlfriend to just a friend (break up) This sentence, as a whole, means "It's a painful thing that my ...


2

I think it's the opposite? が simply states the fact, while は would imply "at least". I'm a native speaker myself. For example, 銀メダルが取れた -> I got the silver medal 銀メダルは取れた -> I got at least the silver medal (but not the gold medal) 銀メダルが取れないと帰れない -> If I don't get the silver medal, I can't return 銀メダルは取れないと帰れない -> If I don't even get ...


1

ミユキちゃんが結婚したと知ってる? This sentence is grammatically correct but not natural. ミユキちゃんが結婚したって知ってる? This one is natural. In modern Japanese conversation, it does 促音便化 in this case. But, the old style is also still in use even in conversation. ミユキちゃんが結婚したと知らされた。 So, here is the problem. "知ってる?" is quite informal, but "したと" is quite formal. That ...


1

A classic example of unfinished sentences in Japanese. You can make better sense with some brackets: 「 どのような状況下であっても必ず十分な結果を 」 と思い必死に過ごした3か月でした。 Can be translated something like: It was frantic 3 months I spent to get the result, thinking "No matter what the cirsumstances are, I will..."



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