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7

Think about it like this: ピアニストです。 'is a pianist'    歌手です。 'is a singer' To negate this, we'll want to split です up into で+あります: ピアニストで あります。 'is a pianist'    歌手で あります。 'is a singer' Now we can negate あります and insert は to go with the negation: ピアニストでは ありません。 'is not a pianist'    歌手では ありません。 'is not a singer' To put these both ...


7

Both are 100% grammatical and natural-sounding, but since the two phrases are used in different situations/contexts, they are not interchangeable. 「犬{いぬ}と猫{ねこ}が好{す}き」 is said when "dogs and cats" have not specifically been mentioned between the speaker and listener. The best example of that situation would be when someone asks you the question: ...


5

食べる eat 食べない not eat 食べはしない not eat (but do drink) 食べもしない not even eat 食べすらしない not even so much as eat and so on わ as a sentence-ender is used differently in different dialects. With no context here (壊すわ) it's hard to say exactly, but in general, in the standard dialect, it's used for feminine emphasis. [edit] per the comment from blutorange, the ...


5

"犬と猫が好き" = "I like dogs and cats (among animals.)" A typical answer to the question "what kind of animals do you like?" "犬も猫も好き" = "I like both dogs and cats." A possible answer to the question "which do you like better, dogs or cats?"


4

Conceptually speaking でもあった is what you get by trying to combine だった and も (as in "also"). だった is a contraction of であった and you have to use the uncontracted form in order to insert も after で. So でもあった means "it also was". (In the non-past tense, the same thing happens: "だ + も = でもある".)


3

Since most of Japanese Question + も patterns ("any- (... not)") are, as you know, only allowed to be used with negative predicates, we usually make some workarounds to express the "every-" idea. Unfortunately, the ways we've taken are not consistent across words, so maybe you're confused by it. any- (+ NEG) no matter - (regular) every- ...


3

1) 「XもXでも」「XもYでも」is primarily used for emphasis. In English you might say, "I'll do it again and again!" Here, again is used twice to emphasize that you'll do it again. Similarly, in Japanese, 何度も何度でも, "Many many times, as many times (as it takes)", is repeated to emphasize the speaker's intention. 2) Primarily, emphasis will be lost. For example compare ...


2

〜ても means "Even if X". In this case, "No matter what I do, Natto I cannot eat." 雨が降っても強行だ 走っても間に合わない 見つかったとしても壊れているに違いない 食べてもよい


1

Let's look at the definition of どうしても: どう努力【どりょく】してみても。 That is to say regardless of how hard (I) try. も here means regardless. It's part of a general pattern of ~(て/で)も, which has a general meaning of even if.



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