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There are two places for は in the sentence: メルボルンに(は)旅館(が/は)ありますか? The first は in the sentence is more or less required if you are contrasting メルボルン to something else, as you are in the first dialogue. In the second dialogue it's optional. As for the second は in the sentence, I think I would go even further than 非回答者 and say that ○ありますか? should be は ...


5

In both cases, the natural particle choice would be 「は」. The speaker simply does not have enough reason to use「が」 in either of the two. You need a good reason to use 「が」 but J-learners tend to over-use it. "In Sydney, I saw a ryokan. Are there ryokans in Melbourne?" In this situation, the speaker does not know whether or not there are ryokan in ...


1

Assuming there is no talk of 旅館 beforehand, then in the first conversation you have introduced the topic (旅館) with the first line so yes, you would use は not が when asking if there are 旅館 in Melbourne. But, rather than: メルボルンに旅館はありますか? I might have said: 旅館はメルボルンにもありますか? or even: メルボルンにもありますか?、旅館は・・ (You might even not have to mention 旅館 ...



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