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「[写真]{しゃしん}があった[方]{ほう}があなたがどんな[人]{ひと}なのかわかるし、フレンドも[作]{つく}りやすくなります。」 is a perfectly normal sentence with a fairly simple sentence structure. It says "Condition A will bring Result #1 and Result #2". Condition A:「写真があった方が」 Result #1:「あなたがどんな人なのかわかる」 Result #2:「フレンドも作りやすくなる。」 In 「写真があった方が」, 「方」 is used to compare (implicitly) two situations. ...


2

Actually, there is no definite way of "parsing" a sentence, i.e. distinguishing the components : it depends on the context. See for example this very funny twitter thread about the sentence, where native speakers try to find all possible interpretations : 頭{あたま}が赤{あか}い魚{さかな}を食{た}べた猫{ねこ} However, it should be obvious that in a given context, only one ...


1

Warning... this answer presents things differently from the more complex and accurate model, which can be found here: http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~heycock/papers/topic-draft.pdf I can't think of how to summarize the model in that paper to fit in an answer, so instead I'm going to present a different model (mostly from my intuition, so do take it with a grain ...


2

The second が in the snippet 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず is not the subject marker, but the conjunction particle が (which you could replace by け(れ)ど(も)) translating to "but": 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず Gifu Police searched [for the missing person], but not finding [him, had to call off the search the same evening...] I don't understand your "sentence segment", so I can't ...



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