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22

Your example is perfectly correct and natural. Using ~の twice in a row is usual. (I am not so sure about particles other than の, but in this answer, I will focus on repetition of の.) How about more repetitions? I agree with Dave M G that, as far as correctness is concerned, you can use as many ~の as you like. However, if a sentence uses ~の many times in ...


19

I think the confusion here arises from the fact that English can use the "-ing" form of a verb in two different ways: using a verb as a noun (gerund), or expressing a continuous action (progressive tense). In plain language, adding の to a verb in Japanese transforms it into a noun and makes it suitable to be followed by は, が, or various other particles that ...


19

I think that in some cases, ending a question in の is fine for male speakers. For example, I hear え~、そうなの? quite often from male speakers. I think, in general, we have that (all male speech) rhetorical questions are allowed to end in の, e.g. even if it is clear what the other person is doing, you may ask 何をしてるの? or 何してんの? What (the heck) are ...


18

As I understand it, the term “no-adjective” simply means “nouns which are typically translated to adjectives in English and other languages.” If we treat Japanese as a language in its own right, distinguishing them from nouns as different parts-of-speech is completely artificial. The particle の makes a modifier of a noun. The exact relationship between ...


18

In your example, 日本人の知らない is a relative clause, equivalent in meaning to 日本人が知らない. This clause as a whole modifies 日本語, so it means the Japanese that Japanese people don't know. In relative clauses, the subject particle が can be replaced with の: ジョンが買った本 ジョンの買った本 The book John bought This is true in double-subject constructions as well:...


16

As you said, コンニャロー is abbreviated この野郎, which means “you bastard.” バーロー is abbreviation of ばか野郎, “you fool” or something. In this case, probably neither of them is directed to any specific person, but both are used just as general phrases for expressing frustration or anger. Other parts do not have any meaning. Huh? Well, バーロー岬 is a pun of バーロー and ...


12

This の signifies the two words refer to the same thing, and 相手の日本人 means someone who is 相手 and 日本人 at the same time. I do not think that using 日本人の相手 when you mean 相手の日本人 is incorrect. However, 日本人の相手 is ambiguous: it may mean the same as 相手の日本人, but it may also mean an opponent/partner/company of some Japanese person, as in 吉田さんの相手. This is probably why ...


12

The particle の does not only indicate possession, but also means a variety of other things such as hierarchical role, or in this instance, physical location. Here's the dictionary definition: ㋒所在。…にある。…にいる。「大阪―友人」 ("My friend in Osaka") So, 不思議の国のアリス does translate to "Alice in the country of wonders." It does not mean that Alice lives there but that ...


11

より, when preceding an adjective as in your examples, means "more" or "-er": より多くの more [numerous] より快適な more pleasant, smoother より長い longer より良い better より一般的な more common, more typical As such, でより and でのより should not be considered together. で and での go with the preceding word, and より goes with the succeeding word.


11

I think you probably meant to write: 私は日本語が悪いです。(Lit. As for me, Japanese is bad.) 私の日本語は悪いです。(Lit. My Japanese is bad.) The word 悪い is a literal translation of the English 'bad'. In Japanese, you don't use 悪い to say you're not good at something. Instead, I recommend saying: 私は日本語が[下手]{へた}です。(Lit. As for me, Japanese is poor/unskillful.) 私は日本語が[...


10

It's just standard GA-NO conversion. [日本人が知らない]日本語 'Japanese that [Japanese don't know]'


9

Chakoshi to the rescue! (Chakoshi is a tool for searching both the Aozora and conversational Japanese corpora at Nagoya University.) A quick search for a "[noun]ん[noun]" pattern in the conversational corpus gives 262 results, most of which are what you are asking about. Broken down, there's actually not much variety in the nouns that follow ん: とき (99): ...


8

I suspect it's the nominalizer の, making the noun phrase "...温めるの". Then the 'directional/intention' particle に is appended, giving intention towards which the 電子レンジ can be considered 重宝. This can be occasionally tricky to sort out from the "in spite of" usage, but it is an alternate parse to be aware of.


8

のに can have several meanings, "despite" being the most common one. But it can also mean "in order to" (~のため)。Here are some examples (taken from here http://www.jgram.org/pages/viewOne.php?tagE=noni-2): パスポートは海外旅行に行くのに必要です。 A passport is necessary to travel abroad. 電子レンジは冷めた料理を温めるのに重宝だ。 A microwave is handy to heat up cold food.


8

"Instead of 「か」, real questions in casual speech are usually asked with the explanatory の particle or nothing at all except for a rise in intonation" http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/question


8

I interpret it as that being the "kind" of fondness this person has. It might make more sense if you put quotes around it or add という. 「お嫁さんにしたい」の好き お嫁さんにしたいという好き お嫁さんにしたい is being used as a phrase to describe what kind of 好き it is but not in a way that follows the normal rules of grammar, or to put it more precisely, not in a way that follows how you ...


7

There is no restriction on the number of のs you can string together. It might get a little silly looking after a point, but there is no grammatical rule that prevents it.


7

芸術たらしめる is the causative form of 芸術たる. This たる is the たる discussed here. There are nuances, but basically たらしめる means "cause to be". (Roughly equivalent to ... にさせる in many cases, I think.) So the sentence is complete as it is: 想像力こそ = "Imagination..." + こそ (こそ is a whole other question) 作品を芸術たらしめる要素 = "the element that causes 'works' 作品 to be(come) 'art' ...


7

In addition to what the other says, it can also be used as an informal question signifier. そうなの? Sou na no? "Really?" [Fem.] なんでだめなの? Nande dame no "Why not?" or "What's wrong with it?" 何言ってんだけ分かってんの? Nani itten-dake wakatten no? "Do you know what you're saying?"


7

Some people (e.g. Samuel E. Martin, John R. Bentley, Alexander Vovin) argue that this の is actually (or originally) a "defective verb", distinct from genitive の. Here's Vovin's explanation, from "A reference grammar of early Japanese prose" (2003): 5.2.1.4 Defective verbsThe traditional grammar makes no mention of defective verbs, these being verbs with ...


7

One way is to look at them as exclusive (ほかの) and inclusive (ほかに). だれかほかの人に聞いてごらん Ask somebody else [someone other than me/someone other than this person] for help. ほかに行きたい人はいますか [In addition to who already wants to go] is there anyone else who wants to go? Notice that you can use "besides" in both sentences: 1. Ask someone besides me. 2. ...


7

Actually I don't find it surprising. It may be just my own experience but, English: [a] "When I was in (primary/secondary/middle/high/etc.) school......" (More common) as opposed to, [b] "When I was a (primary/secondary/middle/high/etc.) school student......" (Not as common) Chinese: [a] "(我在)[小/中/大]学時......" (More common) as ...


7

You've already figured out what's going on in your first bullet point - the の in 進撃の巨人 functions in its usual role of forming a 連体修飾語{れん.たい.しゅう.しょく.ご} (a modifier; の's role in forming possessives is one example of this function of の). The only issue is that you've done your translation in kind of awkward English. Rather than "giants of charge", you ...


7

If I'm not mistaken, I think there are two acceptable ways to say this in English, too: そのうちの一つの箱は私のです。 One box among those is mine. (more literally) Among those, one box is mine. その箱のうちの一つは私のです。 One of those boxes is mine. It's true the former looks slightly less-organized, but the nuance is fairly small in spoken language.


7

The direct object particle を stands next to the word of phrase that is the direct object in your sentence. This phrase in your translation is 「わたし の てがみ の うえ の つくえ」. To analyse the meaning of this phrase, let's look at its parts: 「わたし の てがみ」 - My letter. 「わたし の てがみ の うえ」 - Above my letter. 「わたし の てがみ の うえ の つくえ」 - The desk above my letter. So the direct ...


7

の here is not a possessive の, it's a nominalizer, a formal noun. こんな is adjectival and cannot by itself constitute a noun phrase. In other words, こんな means "this type of", こんなの means "this type of thing".


7

どっか is the short spoken form of どこか which means somewhere. There is also an entry here: http://jisho.org/word/%E4%BD%95%E5%87%A6%E3%81%8B



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