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12

+: 足{た}す -: 引{ひ}く /: 割{わ}る *: 掛{か}ける And you just say the terms normally in order. So your example of 3 * 4 = 12 would be 3かける4は12. Note that = becomes は, similar to how we use "is" in English. As @blutorange mentioned, you can use イコール to mean "equals," however in most situations you'll be good using は. You learn these things quickly when listening to ...


5

I think you're asking this because in English, we distinguish times from by: 3×3=9         three times three is nine a 3×3 block      a three-by-three block But I think in Japanese, it's just かける in both cases: 3×3=9     さんかけるさんはきゅう 3×3のブロック  さんかけるさんのブロック You can see that both uses are listed on Wikipedia's article for × in the same section (titled ...


4

You can read the arithmetic operators as follows:    +   たす    (足す)    -   ひく    (引く)    ×   かける   (掛ける)    ÷   わる    (割る) In place of the equals sign, you'd most likely use a particle such as は, much as we might say "three times four is twelve" in English to make a complete sentence out of it. Your example looks like this:   3   ×   4 = 12   ...



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