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6

Main question: Why do they use sometimes small version of katakana ヵ 'ka' in a word? The small ヵ here actually derives from the kanji 個 or 箇, used as the generic counter for things. This was abbreviated to 个, and in turn, this became the regular-sized ケ or small ヶ seen in words like 一ヶ月. Since the counter in these contexts is read as ka, this abbreviated ...


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This is a partial answer specifically about government kanji lists (prior answers did not go into detail). MEXT (文部省) and MOJ (法務省) publish official kanji lists (漢字表) like 常用漢字表 (MEXT) and 人名用漢字票 (MOJ). The former is a list of about 2000 kanji "for every day use" (常用) that schools teach and children are expected to learn in school. The second is a ...



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