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9

Yes, mixtures of this type are possible, and it's quite common with certain words. For example, 石鹸 has a rather difficult second kanji, and the word is often written 石けん instead. 轟音 is often written ごう音. And so on. In your example, none of the characters is particularly rare and all of them are on the 常用漢字表 (the official jōyō kanji chart), so ...


9

The reason is very simple: universal education. ゟ is not a "kana" but an abbreviation (合略仮名) used in the 1800s. In other words, it is not an outdated letter like long s (ſ), but a scribal abbreviation like "Ↄ̄" for "contra". It was mainly in use when writing was limited to a small literate class, and when language began being taught to the public at large, ...


8

I read your question "Do Japanese people see [tsu] as a smiling face" and read over the question several times before I got it. And I'm not a native Japanese reader (or speaker). Just like your ت (which sort of looks like a smiling face to me) and the German ü (to Japanese eyes, say), the Japanese ツ doesn't look like a smiling face to any eye who has become ...


7

There are at least general tendencies, if not necessarily hard-and-fast rules regarding the matter. Just off the top of my head --- Japanese vowel assigned vs. Ending consonant of English name ウ: b, f, g, sh, k, l, m, p, s, v, z (ボブ、ジェフ、グレッグ、ジョッシュ、リック、カール、トム、etc.) オ: d, t (トッド、マット, etc.) イ: ch (リッチ、ミッチ) When an English name ends with "r", our usual ...


6

That is because the cursive script of the kanji 「川」 kind of looks like 「つ」. It should look even more like 「ツ」.


6

What you've seen on Wikiversity is just a superficial explanation (or for beginners?). The spelling rule doesn't reside in hiragana and katakana, but in words often written in hiragana (native and Sino-Japanese vocabulary) and those in katakana (other loanwords and onomatopoeia). Mere rewriting hiragana ←→ katakana doesn't change the spelling. The former ...


6

I think ください in お待ちください is an auxiliary verb, and thus should be written in kana according to the "proper rule". Few people strictly obey this, as you know. 待っ and 待ち are both 連用形 (te-form) of 待つ, and 待っ is 促音便 of 待ち. I've never seen such an argument that one should use kana in 待ってください but kanji in お待ち下さい, or kana in 来てください but kanji in お越し下さい.


5

In the famicom/NES era, kanji was not available, and many games used some spaces between phrases. Spaces are usually inserted before nouns and verbs, but not before particles. With the aid of spaces Japanese adults can understand kana-only sentences easily, just like in English. Actually native speakers can even read this broken kana-only passage very ...


4

While I hope the time has led the questioner to the correct understanding of this problem, I find it a rather interesting question being asked. It's true that a precise phonetic analysis reveals differences between realizations of the vowel //u// by its environments, or generally, that a vowel's sound quality slightly differs according to its preceding ...


3

Some Japanese words are often written in katakana when people want to emphasize X-as-an-international-word or X-as-known-to-foreigners feelings. カイゼン ニッポン ツナミ ニンジャ, テンプラ, ゲイシャ, フジヤマ, ... ヒバクシャ is occasionally the subject of this phenomenon (e.g. 世界ヒバクシャ展, 国際ヒバクシャ医療センター), but in general, it's normally written in kanji. Depending on what and to whom you ...


3

I never see it used this way in Japanese emoticons, and I just went ahead and checked every single entry for かおもじ in Google's Windows Japanese IME, and there wasn't a single example of one using it as a face.


3

Kanji are supposed to be pronounced and their pronunciation is given in kana. This means that any word in kanji has a unique representation in kana. However, there are different words with the same kanji representation, e.g. 明日{あした} 明日{あす} 明日{みょうにち} Similarly, the same kana sequence can represent many different words. One good reason to use kanji here ...


3

It's considered obsolete because it isn't in use any more, and people don't really think of it when they want an archaic flavour.


2

In usual handwriting, kana often turn out smaller than full-fledged kanji, especially kanji with many strokes. (Though practising writing both kanji and kana the same size is probably an important step towards achieving a nice balance between kanji and kana size.) Some fonts have comparatively small katakana, which I find very easy to read. This is from ...


2

This probably varies from person to person, at least a little bit, but generally each character should be approximately the same size as any others (i.e. full-width). If you don't, especially with katakana (which are formed from pieces of kanji), you can end up with situations where you cannot tell whether something is kana or kanji. For example メリ vs ...


2

According to standard orthography (post-reform) no words are ever written with を, except names and words whose writers exercise "artistic license". But I don't think in your case it's a misspelling, rather a conscious choice of adhering to pre-reform orthography. (かつお was かつを before the spelling reform.) Opposed to new nonsense uses, like ヲタク (or ワヰン), I ...


2

Let's start by saying that not all words follow this rule. According to Japanese Wikipedia, a number of words are written in katakana but with doubled vowels, as if they were written in hiragana (in which they can be equally well written): 例:シイタケ、フウトウカズラ、セイウチ、ホウセンカ、オオバコ But these appear to be words that have kanjis, and fallen out of use. The "dash" is ...


2

Quite a bit more sophisticated than the "alphabet song", there is a wonderful poem by 北原白秋 (Hakushū Kitahara) called 五十音. It goes like this 五十音 [水馬]{あめんぼ}赤いな。ア、イ、ウ、エ、オ。 [浮藻]{うきも}に[小蝦]{こえび}もおよいでる。 柿{かき}の木、栗{くり}の木。カ、キ、ク、ケ、コ。 [啄木鳥]{きつつき}、こつこつ、枯{か}れけやき。 [大角豆]{ささげ}に酢{す}をかけ、サ、シ、ス、セ、ソ。 その魚{うお}[浅瀬]{あさせ}で刺{さ}しました。 ...


1

It could be because 被 and 爆 are not part of Kyoiku Kanji. Kyoiku Kanji are the Kanji that are taught from 1st to 6th grade in Japanese elementary schools, and represent the Kanji that "everyone is supposed to know". On Japanese TV, when non-Kyoiku Kanji appears in subtitles it will usually either have Furigana above the Kanji or be in Katakana. So depending ...


1

There are actually three candidates for the origin of つ and ツ. One is 州, which in the Jiankang dialect was pronounced "zhōu". Zhōu → tsu (origin of kana) → shuu (modern on'yomi). The next is 川, which is generally pronounced "chuan" in Chinese. Chuan → tsuan → tsu (origin of kana) → sen (modern on'yomi). Yet another argument is that the kana are derived ...


1

There's basically a one-to-one correlation between hiragana and katakana. The two main exceptions that I'm aware of are: in how long vowels are transcribed. For katakana, a dash-like element is preferred. For hiragana, the character for either o or u is used (often for historical reasons as the pronunciation of the long vowel sound for o is identical at ...


1

ゟ has fallen nearly entirely out of standard usage. This means that if you show it to most people, they'll have no idea what it means, and you should definitely not use it yourself in regular writing. Instead, write out より with 2 kana, as this is standard now.



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