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There are at least general tendencies, if not necessarily hard-and-fast rules regarding the matter. Just off the top of my head --- Japanese vowel assigned vs. Ending consonant of English name ウ: b, f, g, sh, k, l, m, p, s, v, z (ボブ、ジェフ、グレッグ、ジョッシュ、リック、カール、トム、etc.) オ: d, t (トッド、マット, etc.) イ: ch (リッチ、ミッチ) When an English name ends with "r", our usual ...


5

What you've seen on Wikiversity is just a superficial explanation (or for beginners?). The spelling rule doesn't reside in hiragana and katakana, but in words often written in hiragana (native and Sino-Japanese vocabulary) and those in katakana (other loanwords and onomatopoeia). Mere rewriting hiragana ←→ katakana doesn't change the spelling. The former ...


2

Let's start by saying that not all words follow this rule. According to Japanese Wikipedia, a number of words are written in katakana but with doubled vowels, as if they were written in hiragana (in which they can be equally well written): 例:シイタケ、フウトウカズラ、セイウチ、ホウセンカ、オオバコ But these appear to be words that have kanjis, and fallen out of use. The "dash" is ...



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