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This [verb] + ではないか is an exclamatory phrase which denotes the speaker's surprise or accusation. [*]電車は反対方向に走り始めたではない。 (Ungrammatical) 電車は反対方向に走り始めたではないか。 (To my surprise,) The train started to run in the opposite direction! 電車は反対方向に走り始めたのではない。 It is not that the train started to run in the opposite direction. 電車は反対方向に走り始めたのではないか。 (I ...


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掃除する The phrase 掃除する acts like a single verb. It's technically made of two words: the verbal noun 掃除 the verb する But together they act like a single verb. In this case, that verb is transitive, which means it takes a direct object marked by を: 部屋をobject 掃除するverb 'clean the room' The verb is 掃除する, and its direct object is 部屋. 掃除をする When you ...



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