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1

If an i-adjective is directly modifying a noun then it is written in the dictionary form. No conjugation is necessary, so 新しい車 is correct. btw 車 is pronounced くるま in this case. 新車{しんしゃ}is a noun in its own right. It is not a combination of an adjective modifying a noun. Adjectives can be altered before modifying the noun. For example you can say おいしそうなケーキ, ...


4

I think you have the following options: 綺麗な赤い鳥居 a beautiful [red torii] a [beautiful, red] torii 赤い綺麗な鳥居 a red [beautiful torii] (a little strange) a [red, beautiful] torii 赤くて綺麗な鳥居 a red and therefore beautiful torii 綺麗で赤い鳥居 a [beautiful, red] torii a beautiful and therefore red torii The combination of "red" and "beautiful" ...


0

You would place 綺麗 in te form before 赤い Since 綺麗 is a na-adjactive you place it into te form by dropping the na (な) and replacing it with de (で). This is basically like using commas to create a list in English, except it automatically has a properties of "and" included in it. The final adjective in this chain doesn't require te form, but for reference ...


4

It's not prohibited, but it never ever means what past tense in English does. Tense in Japanese subordinate clause is (basically) relative to main clause, so if you bought a book and the book was heavy, you just have to say 重い本を買いました. 重かった本を買いました suggests the book was heavy before you bought it. But there rarely are books that being sometimes heavy, ...


4

This sentence is unnatural. "I bought a book that was heavy" is translated as "重い本を買いました". Sequence of tenses isn't necessary in Japanese. For example, "I read an interesting book yesterday" is translated as "私は昨日、面白い本を読みました".


5

Keep in mind that Japanese "adjectives" function differently from English adjectives. You are in this case asking us about a い-adjective, 赤い. Those adjectives differ from the な-adjectives, for example 有名{ゆうめい}な: The い or な is attached to those adjectives when used as epithets, i.e. they are attached to a noun: 有名な人、赤いリンゴ. な-adjectives are used with ...



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