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ち is often transcribed as ti natively in Japan and by scholars, because it is very nice to get a simple progression like ta ti tu te to for たちつてと, which can help when explaining various linguistic changes. What happens in Japanese is that the vowels /i/ and /u/ affect the previous sound, hence the sometime need to to more accurately describe this ...


Since you didn't use quotation marks, your question is a bit ambiguous. こみち can be transcribed as "komiti" using Nihon-shiki/Kunrei-shiki romanization (see this relevant paragraph). But it is pronounced as "komichi" or /komit͡ʃi/ (although I'm no IPA expert).


゛ changes like this: h → b, k → g, s → z、t → d. ゜ changes only h → p.


I'm not 100% sure what you're asking here, but ゛ when used by itself actually has a number of different usages. Generally, ゛ (Dakuten) are not written separately. For example, "か" "ka" becomes "が" "ga". If you didn't know this, you should probably consult a reference on hiragana (and maybe also katakana) as snailboat says. However, there are a number ...

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