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9

Your "usual rule" is incomplete. It should be: drop -i if resulting is a single mora in length, add -sa add -sou. Hence, nai: na na + sa na + sa + sou --> nasasou. atui: atu (not applicable) atu + sou --> atusou.


8

Teachers and intermediate language learners regularly tell beginners that Japanese has only two irregular verbs (kuru and suru). This is not, strictly speaking, true. As you've noted, 行く has the irregular formations 行った and 行って. The negative of ある is ない... which is quite irregular Imperatives often seem to have irregular forms, most notably くれ from くれる. ...


5

Yes, 行く/iku is an exception to the rule. Specifically, its -te/-ta form is itte/itta. However, in most ways this verb is regular, so it usually does not get included in the list of exceptions, which is only two verbs long: する/suru, and 来る/kuru. One other point of note is that 行く is sometimes pronounced "yuku," although this is slightly less common.


2

Well, in first place there are possible confusions depending you are refering to ない as a [助動詞]{じょどうし} or 無い as a [形容詞]{けいようし}. In the case of "It seems there is none", なさそう will be 無い adjective [連用形]{れんようけい} + そうだ [助動詞]{じょどうし}。 It seems that when そうだ was first introduced at Muromachi period, なそう was used but as な is only one syllable, さ was added through ...


1

Here is how you derive the past tense for 行く (and the te-form, equivalently): past tense of /iku/ == { past tense of X = continuative form of X + /ta/ } /iki/ + /ta/ == { generating a new word requires sound-changes } repair(devoicing(/ikita/)) == { /i/ and /u/ become devoiced/disappear in-between two devoiced consonants } ...



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