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33

It's not real Japanese. It's a munged version of 申します. In Shift_JIS encoding, only the first byte is guaranteed to have the high bit set, which means the second byte can sometimes be the same as a character in the ASCII range. This happens with U+7533 申, for which the second byte is encoded as 0x5C \. If someone is using software that tries to strip ...


18

No, this phrase isn't cognate with Standard Japanese あした. したっけ literally means what in Standard Japanese そうしたら. The demonstrative そう is omitted because the whole context before is considered to stand in place of it (colloquial omission of this そう is also common in Tokyo). The っけ part shares the same origin with Standard っけ ("(what) again?"), that is ...


14

As NicoNicoPedia explains: 飯テロとは、善良な市民に対し無差別に食欲を沸き立たせる、残忍で卑劣極まりない行為である。 これらの行為を絶対に許してはならない。これらの行為に決して屈してはならない。 Meshi-tero is a most brutal and cowardly act which indiscriminately makes virtuous citizens feel hunger. We must absolutely not allow or give in to these acts. Or as Hatena Keyword says: 食欲をそそる料理や食べ物の画像(唐揚げ、ラーメンなど)をweb上にアップし、...


14

The simplest explanation is that たばこ is often written in hiragana because it was borrowed so long ago that it has nativized. (Sorry, in a rush -- details to be posted later.) Update There are a few words that are definitely borrowings, but that were borrowed so long ago that they are treated as native terms, and they might even have kanji spellings. ...


9

"Come true" isn't the literal translation of 叶{かな}う. The word かなう means "to fit; match; accord", in this sense in accord with 叶's meaning in Classical Chinese. So we are practically saying 願いが叶う "my wish matches it" as if a fixed phrase corresponds to "my wish comes true". かなう once had tons of kanji transcriptions (see below), but most of them were culled ...


9

Yes, many Japanese wonder why, too. The truth is that it's an obsolete usage of 天地 (except in this idiom!). 日本国語大辞典 (kind of the OED of Japanese) apparently has a definition: てん‐ち 【天地】 (...) (6)(─する)上下をひっくりかえすこと。 *滑稽本・早変胸機関〔1810〕「裾廻しは天地(テンチ)するだよ」 that is, 天地 once meant for "to turn upside down", at least attested on 1810 in Edo period....


9

The 面白 comes from 面白い which as you probably know means "fun, interesting". The 半分 part means "half". The expression ”面白半分に” means literally to do something "half fun", "half serious" (as you hinted at). See the definition in the dictionary here. The "に" acts to make the phrase an adverb which is acting on a verb such as 見る or 言う in your examples. The ...


8

The primary meaning of the verb 読む in ancient Japanese was to count. よむ is primarily defined as 数える in 学研全訳古語辞典: ①順に数える。数を数える。 「月よめばいまだ冬なり」 [訳] 月日を数えると、まだ冬である。 And according to 国語教育わたしの主張: 日本最古の歴史物語である古事記(紀元七一二)や風土記では、読むは「数える」という意味であった。 Then it began to mean to say out loud, to chant, because that's what people do when counting things. Then ...


8

This 願わくば is a fixed expression fossilized long ago, and you just have to memorize it without thinking about it too much. It's a literary expression that corresponds to "Hopefully, ..." used as a sentence adverb. As pointed out in the comment, this is related to ク語法, a grammatical feature which had already dropped out of use more than 1000 years ago. It was ...


8

叩く and 戦う Etymologically, Shogakukan's 国語【こくご】大辞典【だいじてん】 and 大辞林【だいじりん】 list just the ふ auxiliary derivation. Meanwhile, 大辞泉【だいじせん】 lists both the ふ auxiliary and the 合う possibility as derivations. Given the not-uncommon pattern of deriving iterative / repetitive / continuative verbs by appending ふ to the 未然形【みぜんけい】, and given the appropriate semantics ...


7

Surveying various resources, here's what I've found: Shogakukan's 国語大辞典 states it's from either Dutch or English alcohol (my local copy: "(オランダ・英alcohol)") Different editions of Daijirin state either Dutch definitively (my local copy: "アルコール [0] 【(オランダ) alcohol】") or possibly English (third edition, online here: "アルコール .【alcohol】" -- implying English if ...


7

The verbs 選{えら}ぶ, 選{えら}む and 選{よ}る are thought to be derived from the original verb 選{え}る. Here's what 日本国語大辞典 has to say about the etymology of 選ぶ: 動詞「える(選)」の未然形に、継続を表わす「ふ」の付いたもの。万葉仮名により、上代では、「ふ」は清音であったと考えられる。 Of course, this dictionary is using the traditional analysis where words are segmented on kana boundaries, in which the continuative/...


7

(Only answering your second half) [我]{われ} is used in Japanese, but is seen as more archaic and/or somewhat boastful. 我々 → We/us 「我は拳を極めし者」 → I am the supreme master of the fist (Gouki/Akuma from the Street Fighter series). 我思うゆえに我あり → I think, therefore I am. When read as が, 我 is used to mean the ego, or the abstract self. 我の強い人 → A ...


7

Origins of 屋根{やね} 屋根{やね} is a compound of 屋{や} "house, dwelling" + 根{ね} "root → fundament, base supporting the whole". This word is quite old, appearing already in poem 779 of the Man'yōshū, one of the oldest pieces of written Japanese dating to 759, with parts that appear to be older still. The age of this term might point to its origins: houses in ...


7

Many people have wondered why, but I failed to find the authoritative explanation for this. At least デジタル大辞泉 says nothing more than that ツキ means luck. (By the way, this kind of 付き is usually written either in hiragana or katakana, perhaps because even native speakers don't know why the kanji 付 is associated with this word.) Anyway, つく (憑く) sometimes means "...


7

As I grew up and lived with Japanese culture, I accepted the description "yellow voice" without question. So now I've looked up why the high voices of women or children are called yellow (黄色い声). If it was described as black voice, blue voice or brown voice I would be confused. Maybe red voice would be OK, but to me yellow voice is better. Anyway, I looked ...


7

Leo's guess is actually right. For reference, it is enough to go on the wikipedia page of お負け. The meaning originally comes indeed from the fact that the seller is losing something in the bargaining process (from wiki): おまけの語源は「御負け」の文字通り、店員が客との駆け引きに負けて値を下げる行為を指す言葉であったが、のちに商品以外の物品を追加する行為なども言うようになった.


6

Shogakukan's 大国語辞典 shows that 姪【めい】 has a historical hiragana spelling of めひ, not めい, showing that the modern mei reading is not on'yomi but rather kun'yomi. This different derivation is probably also why the pronunciation is different: [mei] with a more distinct [i], and not [meː]. The term for "nephew", 甥【おい】, has a historical hiragana spelling of をひ. ...


6

I'm afraid I don't have any authoritative reference, but have you checked the Wikipedia article 婦人? 大正デモクラシーの時期、婦人という語は、普通選挙権要求運動とも連動し、斬新な響きを持った。「婦人公論」に代表されるように、「意識の高い成人女性」との響きさえあった。 婦人という語感が、「年輩女性」「既婚女性」との意味合いを持つようになり、次第に使われなくなった。 現代の日本語においてより一般化した呼称が「女性」である。「婦人」の語はやや古めかしいイメージを持つ古語になりつつある。 So 婦人 was a stylish word back in the early 20th ...


6

That Japanese Wikipedia entry says "エースおよびデュースは元々それぞれダイスの1および2を表す言葉である。以前は3〜6はそれに倣って順にトレイ、ケイト、シンク、サイスと呼んでいた事もある" and English Wikipedia entry about dice says the following: "While the terms ace, deuce, trey, cater, cinque and sice have been made obsolete by one to six, they are still used by some professional gamblers to designate different sides of ...


6

Yes, ~するでない is an old-fashioned and pompous way of saying "Don't do ~!". In modern Japanese, this is a kind of 役割語 (stereotyped role words) which is typically used by noble and/or old people in manga and samurai dramas. This seems to have been used a lot more 100 years ago or so, because I can find many similar expressions (eg. 泣くでない, 穢すでない, 淋しがるでない) in ...


6

Yes they are related. According to デジタル大辞泉: 辞書を引くと、「[動ワ五(ハ四)]《動詞「たた(叩)く」の未然形に反復継続の助動詞「ふ」の付いたものからとも、『叩き合ふ』の音変化とも》」 Basically there are two theories. The one you suggested: a sound change from 叩き合う. (The dictionary entry mentions 『叩き合ふ』 but now all ふ-ending are う-ending verbs) The second theory is that it come from the verb 叩く to which is appended ...


6

Please refer to the other answer(s) for your main question (etymology). As for the modern usage, the difference in frequency is not that large. Here are the hit counts from BCCWJ. 役に立 2302, 役に立つ 1039, 役に立っ 270, 役にたつ 94 役立 3031, 役立つ 1419, 役立っ 447, 役だつ 30 役に立つ and 役立つ are not always interchangeable. As a simple predicate, 役に立つ is the more common ...


6

Searching for キヤノン 由来 one quickly finds the relevant official page for the origin of the name Canon. It seems that the company name itself was derived from the English word "canon": Canonの語源には、「正典」「規範」「標準」という意味があります。 It was also a welcome coincidence that the pronunciation of キヤノン was close to 観音=カンノン (Kannon, Kwannon, Avalokiteśvara): また「キヤノン」...


5

I highly doubt that they translated directly from Hebrew. The first complete translation of the bible is the [明治元訳聖書]{めいじげんやくせいしょ}, which was first published 1880. It contained already the name エデン. Before this, attempts were made to translate a Chinese versions into Japanese. In Chinese the modern name for Eden is [伊甸]{yīdiàn}. An older name (~1875) was [...


5

It's surprisingly easy to trace the origin of 女性観 since 日本国語大辞典 (日国) cites its first appearance. *吾輩は猫である〔1905〜06〕〈夏目漱石〉一一「古来の賢哲が女性観を紹介すべし」 But I don't much think it's appropriate to say it was "coined", because it's but an ordinary idea to put them together if you know both the words 女性 and 観. By the way, 女性 itself seems to have gained the meaning "...


5

I think Martin has 応 (old form 應) in mind. This was not uncommonly used to write ō, especially in Edo times. A famous haiku by Kyorai: 応々といへどたたくや雪の門 ō ō to / iedo tataku ya / yuki no kado "All right, all right!" / I say, but the knocking doesn't stop / at the gate in the snow However, I agree with the commenters that ō is unlikely to have been borrowed ...


5

To complement Avery's answer, one thing that may be worth investigating is that the Nihon Shoki has a particular phonetic orthography for Japanese (so-called Man’yōgana or ateji, which are directly based on Chinese and Korean phonetic use of kanji). Whereas the Kojiki and Man’yōshū phonograms are based on Early Middle Chinese (also the source of Japanese go-...



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