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6

Most Ainu loanwords in regular use are names for plants/animals indigenous to northern Japan, such as reindeer (トナカイ) and sea otter (ラッコ). These loans are old enough that there ARE usually kanji that can be used for them: 馴鹿 (トナカイ, can also be read じゅんろく) 海獺 or 猟虎 (ラッコ) However, many plant/animal names are usually written in katakana (e.g. カバ for ...


3

(I failed to identify the authoritative article about this, so the following story is based largely on my speculation.) You probably know that 参る is a humble form and means to visit someone with higher status than ourselves. And I think your dictionary also said that 参る can specifically mean "to visit a shrine/temple/grave." (=参拝) The noun お参り always means ...


2

I assume you're referring to the Baxter-Sagart Middle Chinese transcriptions of the Qieyun rime dictionary. When I search these transcriptions for 洗, I find two readings listed: *sejX, corresponding to modern Mandarin xǐ, Japanese セイ・サイ, and Korean 세 se *senX, corresponding to modern Mandarin xiǎn, Japanese セン, and Korean 선 seon So I think the final ...


2

According to Pulleyblank's Lexicon of Reconstructed Pronunciation (http://books.google.com/books?id=qWGIxP1R4P4C, p336), there's a reconstructed EMC pronunciation of 洗 as *sɛn' (no idea what the apostrophe means, though - glottal stop?). This apparently corresponds to a modern Mandarin pronunciation of xiǎn, which also has a nasal final. There may also be a ...


2

As far as I know, there is no consensus for the origin of this word. I've checked a number of resources including 日本国語大辞典 (but the 精選版, not the full edition), 日本文法大辞典, and the other various monolingual dictionaries I have at hand, and none offer an explanation. Martin offers one theory, courtesy of Ōtsuki, on page 136 of his 1975 Reference Grammar of ...


1

Expanding on Darius's comment... 大辞林 says (1) 語源は「の身」で,「…それ自身」と強調するのが原義といわれる。 Comes from の身 (GEN. body). Original meaning is emphasis of "that thing itself". (2) 漢文における文末助辞「耳」の訓読から生じた用法。 Comes from a native reading of the Classical Chinese word 耳 (3) 現代語では主として書き言葉に用いられ,これに相当する助詞としては,一般に「だけ」「ばかり」の語が用いられる In current usage, the word is mainly used in ...



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