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10

The answer to the first question is yes. The answer to the second question is no. 近いほど届かない (chikai hodo todokanai) means “the closer it (or you, he, she, …) is, the more unreachable it (or you, he, she, …) becomes,” exactly in the same way as 近いほど便利 (chikai hodo benri) means “the closer it is, the more convenient it becomes.” And in the sentence “the ...


5

There are quite a few ways to express "X if Y." in Japanese. Here are the more common ones roughly in the order of formality: 「もし/もしも + Y + なら/ならば + X」 「もし/もしも + Y + であれば + X」 「Y + なら/ならば + X」 「Y + であれば + X」 「(もし) + Y + だったら + X」 Thus, the sentence "Please tell me if you want to go tomorrow!." can be said in many ways. How you ...


4

これはAで、Bではありません。 means 'This is A, not B.' This is similar to これはBではなく、Aです。(This is not B, but A). これはAですが、Bではありません。(This is A, but not B.) So これらは "Yes, I'm following you; please continue."という意味で、"Yes, I agree." という意味ではありません。 means 'This means "Yes, I'm following you; please continue" and NOT "Yes I agree".' You would say ...


3

I break it down like this: 実際問題として、不倫が原因で家庭が崩壊したり、離婚に至る例も少なくないです。 Clause: 実際問題として This is just setting the scene. Topic phrase: 不倫が原因で家庭が崩壊したり、離婚に至る例も The head of the noun phrase is 例. (Technically も is the head of the topic phrase, but we will ignore that to simplify matters.) Complement clause: 不倫が原因で家庭が崩壊したり、離婚に至る Clause: 不倫が原因で Clause: ...


2

There's no subordinate clause here. That's coordinate clauses: だけどかつのはいつも金太郎だ・です and おおきな体のくまさんでも金太郎にはかてません。で in 金太郎で is the continuative form of the auxiliary だ. The topic in だけどかつのはいつも金太郎だ is かつの, "the one who wins", and the subject in おおきな体のくまさんでも金太郎にはかてません is おおきな体のくまさん. でも, "even", has replaced the subject marker が.


2

だけど勝{か}つのは何時{いつ}も金太郎で大{おお}きな体{からだ}の熊{くま}さんでも金太郎には勝{か}てません So let's start from the beginning: だけど introduces a contrast with the previous sentence similar to but or although. 勝つのは nominalizes 勝つ and introduces it as the subject using particle は, thus the one who wins is 何時も adverb meaning always 金太郎で: This is the part stating that it's Kintarô who ...


2

You can use several forms A なら B : "in the event of A, B" 行きたいなら教えてください Verb-past たら B: "when A, B" 行きたかったら教えてください There are subtle differences between the two. Mainly, なら specifies an "if this is true" kinda tone, while たら can also be used for "when" like "when I got into the tub I started sweating" お風呂に入ったら汗が出始めた


2

The reason I'm confused over this is because despite the clauses being opposite polarity they are using the て/で form. The で you mentioned is used to join two sentences here, and it isn't a counterpart of て/で form in verbs, though their... they're very confusing. As it's... its true identity is somewhat debatable and I don't know how your textbook ...


2

Depending on whether you put の方 or より before, you emphasise on one or the other. It's natural to say first the most important thing, so: In (1) you are the topic of the sentence, you are the one who drinks most. In (1') Tanaka is the topic. As far as Kobayashi is concerned, no one knows. But at least for now, what's important is that Tanaka drinks less ...


2

「〜もあり」is something I've often seen used in terms of "that's plausible" or more literally "can also exist" as in: それもありだよね。 Example: http://winwin.livedoor.biz/archives/51564826.html In regards to your question with 「〜もあって」, as it's referring to the existence of something, the usage isn't all that common. The reason being in your example case: ...


2

"chikakereba chikai hodo benri" and "chikai hodo benri" have similar meaning. but "chikai hodo todokanai" is not correct usage, if you want to join positve (chikai) + negative (todokanai), you need to use "kedo" like "chikai kedo todokanai"


1

Yes, you can shorten it and it will have the same meaning.


1

First, on the difference between あり and あって: The two perform the same function here (transitioning to the next clause with "and"), but using the ~ます stem form as a transition is more literary than the ~て form. In speech, you're far more likely to hear あって. Now as for where these come from and where else they can be used, let's look at nouns as an example. ...



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